Cambodia is a country with area of 181,035 km2, located in Southeast Asia; bordered to the northwest by Thailand, the northeast by Laos, the east by Vietnam and the southwest by the Gulf of Thailand.
Population: young; 14,139,000 people (in 2010)
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Interest rate: Commercial bank prime lending rate: about 15.8 - 16% Exchange rates: not very stable, Riels (KHR)/USD: 4,000 (2012), 4,042 (2011), 4,145 (2010); 4,139 (2009) Cambodia has a strategic location, many natural resources (especially oil deposits), membership with many international organizations, investment incentives. Recently, it has attracted a lot of investment from foreign countries. Among the investment sectors, the real estate has recovered recently due to the currently increasing capital inflow. From September 2010 to September 2011, Ministry of Land Management, Urbanization & Construction has approved 1,689 projects, value of 999.3 million US$, which increases 97% in compared to the same period last year.
. CAMBODIA POLICIES IN INVESTMENT AND LAND
- All investment projects: regulated by the Law on Investment of the Kingdom of Cambodia (August 6, 1994) and its Amendment (March 24, 2003). - Authorities evaluate and approve projects (Article 3 & 4): The Council for the Development of Cambodia (CDC), consisting of the Cambodian Rehabilitation and Development Board (CRDB) and the Cambodian Investment Board (CIB) - Land Law 2011: Foreigners are not allowed to own land, but only property and buildings on the land, rights only from the first floor up. A Khmer nationality company: has a registered office in Cambodia, and more than 51% of voting shares held by Khmer citizen(s). Law on ownership rights in private units of co-owned building (Chapter 2, Article 6): In case the co-owned buildings are constructed on land leased from a third party, foreigners enjoy perpetual lease rights in private units similar to how Khmer citizens do. - Law on Investment (Article 16): Use of land for investment permitted in the form of a concession, with unlimited long-term leases or limited short-term leases. - Land leases (Part 4 – Leases on Immovable Property, Article106): two kinds of leases, one for indefinite period of time (short-term with an option to renew and long-term for up to 99 years) and one for definite period of time.
. OVERVIEW OF HOANG ANH GIA LAI (HAGL):
Started its business in 1993 as a small furniture manufacturer in Gia Lai province, Vietnam, HAGL has achieved continuous successes in multi-industries such as wood & granite, rubber, mineral resources, real estate, hydro power and football). Today, it has become a public company with total asset worth VND 15,942 billion (759 million US$ approx.). Its remarkable successes in Foreign Investment in:
- Laos: In 2008, sponsored US$ 19 mil for Laos’ Government to build Athletes Village for SEA Games 2009, then get investment license for development of a 10,000-ha rubber plantation in Attapeu, Laos; also invested two hydro-power plants with total capacity of 110MW on Nam Kong River; exploited an iron mine with estimated total reserve of 20 million tons. - Cambodia: also got license to exploit an iron mine with estimated total reserve of 30 million tons beside 12,000-ha of rubber plantation. - Thailand: started a residential project in Bangkok with 140 units. At this moment, HAGL have owned 26 property projects in Vietnam, Lao and Thailand with GFA is over 2.5 millions of squared meter. Revenue from properties contributes more than 75% in total revenue. SWOT analysis:
- A leading real estate company in Vietnam
- High reputation in Vietnam as well as Cambodia and Laos
- Sound financial status and ability to raise fund from domestic market and international market - Ability to...