A. Background of the study
Buildings, infrastructures and a like were built using the help of machines. But have you ever ruminated how ancient structures like pyramids were built? Simple machines figured it out. Simple machines are any device that only requires the application of a single force to work. It is a tool used to make work easier. It gives mechanical advantage. This means that if you use a lever and the mechanical advantage it provides, you can lift an object that's much heavier than you are because the lever multiplies your effort. Lever, it is often used to move heavy loads with less effort. It is a rigid object that is used with an appropriate fulcrum point to multiply the mechanical force that can be applied to another object.
B. Statement of the problem
A study on the proficiency of lever in lifting heavy objects.
• To build a tabletop lever and investigate how changing the length of the effort arm affects the amount of effort it takes to lift an object.
• To discover other factors that can affect the proficiency of lever.
E. Review of related literature
The following definitions are the terms and concepts regarding the said investigatory project.
Simple machines is any device that only requires the application of a single force to work. It is a tool used to make work easier.
lever magnifies force or velocity. It is often used to move heavy loads with less effort. It is a rigid object that is used with an appropriate fulcrum or pivot point to multiply the mechanical force that can be applied to another object.
Fulcrum , the support about which a lever turns.
Beam, The bar of a balance from which weighing pans are suspended.
Parts of the lever (in the experiment, still undefined)
• Effort end
• Effort arm
• Load end
• Load arm
*The First Class Lever, Second Class Lever and the Third Class lever. The only difference... [continues]
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