Makabuhay Plant as Insecticide
Group no. 4
Science and Technology Department
Date of Defense___________
I hereby recommend that the Investigatory Project prepared under my supervision by: Asuncion Nikki Pearl Rose R. ,Dela Cruz Christine Joyce, Dela Paz Nicole Melanie, Palaganas, Angelica Joi G. , Jose, Jomar, Tecbobolan Christian Jayson. entitled “Makabuhay Plant as Insecticide ”, be accepted in portional fulfillment of Science II.
_________________ _________________ Miss Regina A. Agana Penalist Adviser
We would like to thank our parents for supporting, helping and guiding us in this experiment.. Our teachers who helped us especially Ms. Regina Agana for helping us in doing the paper works that we need. Our group mates who actively participated and gave their best to work hard for this experiment. We would like to thank the Lord God who gives us strength everyday and guided us while doing the experiment.
To God Be The Glory !
The makabuhay plant is a clinging vine, and the name itself suggests the primary purpose of such plant. Makabuhay is a Filipino translation of the English term ‘pro-life or to give life’. It is commonly known as the paliahan in the Visayas region. The plant belongs to the family of Menispermaceae, and can grow, or rather climb, up to fifteen meters long. The makabuhay leaves are thin sheets that are heart-shaped, and its flowers look distinct as they only have three petals. The makabuhay plant is known for its bitter nature, and the fruits of this plant are held in clusters, which can be as long as two centimeters. This plant may be propagated by planting its stem, which contains a bitter sap. However, it is important to note that makabuhay can be found in most forests all over the Philippines. It grows in tropical areas, and it is of little wonder why it is abundant in a country like the Philippines. The fruits of this plant have not been utilized nor established to have medicinal values. Only the leaves and the stems of makabuhay have been found to cure particular health concerns. For the stems, both the dried and the fresh stems are found to be beneficial. Caterpillars are the larval form of members of the order Lepidoptera (the insect order comprising butterflies and moths). They are mostly herbivorous in food habit, although some species are insectivorous. Caterpillars are voracious feeders and many of them are considered to be pests in agriculture. Many moth species are better known in their caterpillar stages because of the damage they cause to fruits and other agricultural produce.
Purpose/Significance of the Study
The purpose of this study is to help people to lessen the insects in their place. To lessen the insects that destroys the plants in their gardens. To protect themselves from insects that give sickness. Tinospora. Rumphii( Makabuhay Plant) contains a bitter principle colombine, traces of alkaloid, and a glucoside, amorphous bitter principle picroretine, and traces of berberine. The bitter principle is glucosidal in nature. The two alkaloids present are tinosporine and tinosporidine that is used in pesticides and insecticide.
Statements of the Problems
The problems we encountered are the following
1. What will happen to the caterpillar when it eats the makabuhay plant? 2. Will it be effective as an insecticides?
3. Where can we find the materials to be used?
Our hypothesis is that we can prove that the makabuhay plant is an effective insecticide. Our Hypothesis is that the makabuhay plant can be used as an organic insecticide. Insecticides now a days are harmful to our body and that if we can prove that the makabuhay plant is an effective insecticide we can use it to beautify the place and at the same time lessen the insects in the place.