AN INVESTIGATORY PROJECT SUBMITTED AS AN ENTRY TO THE SCHOOL BASED SCIENCE FAIR .
BUTUAN GRACE CHRISTIAN SCHOOL
CHARLES JUELL V. AVILA
JONATHAN LUKE D. LLOREN
JONATHAN A. BECERRO
JANINE VALERIE R. PABIA
MERIAM P. PLAZA
MRS. MARDELIE D. SESCON
“ CHARCOAL: AN ALTERNATIVE INK ”
TABLE OF CONTENTS :
RESEARCH PLAN.... ....1-2
INTRODUCTION .... ....3
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY. ....3
STATEMENT OF THEPROBLEM . ....3
STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESIS. ....4
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY.. ....4
SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS.. ....4
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE. ....4-5
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION.. ....5
The world today is suffering for an economic crisis; many people seem to realize the importance of each item that needs to be bought. Ink is an ordinary item but prevalent in everyday use. Some things that provide ink for its functions are expensive that not all people can afford. That’s why the researcher investigated a project that can help lessen the economic crisis for the production of ink. The researchers pounded some charcoal and combined it with alcohol. Added a small amount of vinegar to add stability to the ink. The Vinegar also makes it more permanent, once it has dried on the paper. Strained and transferred it to a container. After the study, the researchers found out that it is possible to utilize charcoal and make it into an ink, though it is not as good as the commercialized one.
A. MATERIALS AND METHODS
* Mortar and pestle
* Cloth ( to strain )
* Empty Jars
* Marker that has no ink
* Black Dye
Collection of materials Pound the Charcoal until it gets really fine Transfer the charcoal into a jar
Add a small amount of vinegar Add in some black dyes Mix and Strain it to remove
lumps or particles
Pour the ink inside the marker and write
Offices, workstations and even academic institutions have been using ink especially for their papers works and some other related activities. However, with the advent of highly commercialized items and supplies, people have difficulty in purchasing some basic things that are necessary to their works. Production of ink out of charcoal will somehow stand as a remedy to this problem.
Background of the Study
Ink production is a very big business. When you sell markers, you’ve got to have inks. Inks can be hazardous to your health, there are some misconceptions that inks are non-toxic even if swallowed. Certain inks, such as those used in digital printers, and even those found in a common pen can be harmful. Though ink does not easily cause death, inappropriate contact can cause effects such as severe headaches, skin irritation, or nervous system damage. These effects can be caused by solvents, or by pigment ingredients such as p-Anisidine, which helps create some inks' color and shine.
So, that is why the researchers came up with this investigatory project to make a non-toxic and alternative ink.
Statement of the Problem
1. Is charcoal a good alternative ink?
2. Does charcoal’s effect as ink the same with the commercial one? 3. Is there a difference between the effects of charcoal as ink compared to the commercial one?
Statement of the Hypothesis
1. Charcoal is a good alternative ink
2. Charcoal’s effect as ink the same with the commercial one. 3. There is no difference between the effects of charcoal as ink compared to the commercialized...