Manufacturing industry refers to those industries which involve in the manufacturing and processing of items and indulge in either creation of new commodities or in value addition. The manufacturing industry accounts for a significant share of the industrial sector in developed countries. The final products can either serve as a finished good for sale to customers or as intermediate goods used in the production process. Manufacturing takes turns under all types of economic systems. In a free market economy, manufacturing is usually directed toward the mass production of products for sale to consumers at a profit. In a collectivist economy, manufacturing is more frequently directed by the state to supply a centrally planned economy. In free market economies, manufacturing occurs under some degree of government regulation. Evolution of the manufacturing industry
Manufacturing industries came into being with the occurrence of technological and socio-economic transformations in the Western countries in the 18th-19th century. This was widely known as industrial revolution. It began in Britain and replaced the labour intensive textile production with mechanization and use of fuels. Working of manufacturing industry:
Manufacturing industries are the chief wealth producing sectors of an economy. These industries use various technologies and methods widely known as manufacturing process management. Manufacturing industries are broadly categorized into engineering industries, construction industries, electronics industries, chemical industries, energy industries, textile industries, food and beverage industries, metalworking industries, plastic industries, transport and telecommunication industries. Manufacturing industries are important for an economy as they employ a huge share of the labour force and produce materials required by sectors of strategic importance such as national infrastructure and defence. However, not all manufacturing industries are beneficial to the nation as some of them generate negative externalities with huge social costs. The cost of letting such industries flourish may even exceed the benefits generated by them. World Manufacturing Industry
Owing to the emerging technologies worldwide, the world manufacturing industry has geared up and has incorporated several new technologies within its purview. Economists consider the World manufacturing industry as a sector which generates a lot of wealth. Generating employment, introducing latest techniques, real earnings from shipments etc., have put the world manufacturing industry in a favourable position. With the implementation of the concept of eco friendly environment, world manufacturing industry has taken several measures to ensure that the manufacturing industries worldwide abide by the eco friendly norms. World manufacturing industry also plays an important role in the defence of a country. By manufacturing aircrafts which play a vital role in the country's defence, the aerospace manufacturing industry acts as a shield. Other industries in the manufacturing sector manufacture products which are indispensable in our daily lives. With regard to the GDP or gross domestic product, world manufacturing industry contributes to the global economy as well as the global GDP. Manufacturing Industry in India
The manufacturing industry in India has all the qualities which enhance economic development, increase the productivity of the manufacturing industry and face competition from the global markets. The Manufacturing industry in India is believed to have the potential of improving the economic condition of India Studies conducted on the manufacturing industry have concluded that India has a working population of 75%. Out of this, only 600 million have acquired education till middle school. Due to this reason, the manufacturing industry in India, which is labour intensive, can provide the requisite number of employment units in the country....