Invention of the Combustion Engine

Topics: Internal combustion engine, Automobile, External combustion engine Pages: 4 (1560 words) Published: April 2, 2013
After many years of trial and error, a combination of inventors and engineers developed a practical, effective internal combustion engine that greatly affected the world. This paper will give opposing views on the background and analyze the effects it had on transportation and the environment.

The invention of the internal combustion engine sprouted from the work of several engineers and inventors across Europe and into America. First, in 1859, Jean-Joseph Etienne Lenoir developed the first practical internal combustion engine which after many modifications and changes, led to the modern engine that plays a crucial role in today’s society. Prior to Lenoir, external combustion engines such as the steam engine and early hydrogen engine were all that existed. Etienne Lenoir’s 1859 invention proposed a two-cycle, one-cylinder engine that ran on “illuminating gas.” Mainly used for powering lamps and small trinkets, Etienne Lenoir’s engine was never able to power a carriage to transport people. Nearing 1882, Wilhelm Maybach and Gottlieb Daimler, German inventers, forged a partnership to invent an improved internal combustion engine. In 1885, the combination patented a four-stroke engine. Soon after, the duo attached the engine to a bicycle and a carriage, designing some of the world’s first, motorized vehicles. Later in 1890, several more inventions were made to improve Maybach’s initial engine design. As a director for the newly formed Daimler Motor Company, Maybach developed the world’s first float-feed carburetor which revolutionized the motor by allowing the use of gasoline as a fuel. At the same time as Maybach’s mechanism, large deposits of oil were beginning to be discovered making gasoline very available and the cost of a family owning a car practical. Overall, the invention of the internal combustion engine took many years and a series of modifications to get today’s modern engine, but it led to a boom in transportation.

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