Introduction to Psychology

Topics: Psychology, Research, Behavior Pages: 3 (743 words) Published: December 13, 2013
Prologue:
1)Psychology: the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. 2)Behavior: anything an organism does- any action we can observe and record. 3)Mental Processes: are internal, subjective experiences we infer from behavior- sensations, dreams, thoughts, beliefs, and feelings. 4)Empiricism: the view that knowledge originates in the experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation. 5)Structuralism: an early school of psychology that used inspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind. 6)Functionalist: a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable the organism to adopt, survive, and flourish. 7)Humanistic Psychology: historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people. 8)Nature-Nurture: The debate that genes or experiences make the development of psychological traits and behaviors. 9)Natural Selection: The principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those that lead to increased reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations. 10)Levels of Analysis: Differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing and given phenomenon. 11) Biopsychological Approach: Influences of biological, psychological, and social-cultural factors. 12) Neuroscience: How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences. 13) Evolutionary: How the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one’s genes. 14) Behavior Genetics: How much our genes and our environment influences our individual differences. 15) Psychodynamic: How behavior springs from unconscious drives conflict. 16) Behavioral: How we learn observable responses.

17) Cognitive: How we encode, process, store and retrieve info. 18) Social-Culture: How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures. 19) Basic...
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