Introduction to Philosophy

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American University of Central Asia

Existence of God

Thomas Aquinas, Rene Descartes

Sydykova Aizirek

Introduction to philosophy

Beishegul Alieva

11.03.2013

There are different questions of reality. Each man on the earth wants to know some things obviously, but there are some of them which people cannot obviously prove, for example how world was created, existence of God, what morality, justice, knowledge is and so on. And scientists and philosophers try to explore these things and propose different hypothesizes and theories of them. Everyone on the earth should know about at least some theories, and we knew about them from our philosophy courses. But to believe in these things or not it is a choice of each person. Man can choose by himself to believe in things that our scientists and philosophers propose or not to believe, because there are many examples when some people just not pay attention on unproven things. One unproven but important thing that was investigated by many scientists and philosophers is existence of god. There are different philosophers who are interested in this thing and propose their own theory about it. Best examples of the theories that were proposed by philosophers about existence of God are Thomas Aquinas’ “Summa Theologica” and Rene Descartes’ “Meditations on First Philosophy”.

Thomas Aquinas was an Italian Dominican Priest, Theologian and Philosopher. He was born in the Kingdom of Naples at Rocca Secca, supposedly between 1225-1227 years. His best-known work about existence of God “Summa Theologica” was written in 1265-1274.[1] In his work “Summa Theologica”, he identified 5 main proofs of the existence of God in details. Thomas also divides revealed truth into 2 kinds. First, these truths those are accessible to reason. The second kind is the truth beyond his cognitive abilities. Thomas Aquinas defined five main facts that determined...
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