Introduction to Personality

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Introduction to Personality
L. Michelle Cloud
University of Phoenix

Introduction to Personality
Every individual person has a personality. This personality is also unique in every person, and is influenced by such things as the environment and his or her genetics. Personality theorists use theoretical approaches when attempting to define and understand personalities. Speculation, hypotheses, and taxonomy help bring together the facts about personality, and give one a better understanding of why people behave the way they do. Theories also present factors that can influence one’s personality development through the various stages of life. While there may be some traits or characteristics that people have in common, each person will take those traits and characteristics and develop unique and individual personalities.

Definition of Personality

Personality is defined as being a pattern of relatively permanent traits and unique characteristics that give reliability and individuality to one’s behavior (Feist & Feist, 2009). Each individual’s personality is a unique combination of traits and characteristics that provide consistency and stability in his or her behaviors over a period of time (Feist & Feist, 2009). Personalities can be similar, but even identical twins have unique personalities. There are two main factors that affect personality development. These factors come by traits and characteristics. Traits are one’s individual aspects in behaviors, and though traits may have commonalities among groups and species, the pattern of traits is different in every person (Feist & Feist, 2009). The second factor in one’s personality development is his or her characteristics. Characteristics are made up of one’s temperament, physique, and intelligence. When looking at these three categories, diverse and unique personalities are apparent and can help one to understand the many differences in behaviors. Some people may exhibit similar behaviors, but no...
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