Introduction to Morphology

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 357
  • Published : March 24, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
An Introduction to English Morphology: Words and Their Structure

Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy

Edinburgh University Press

An Introduction to English Morphology

Edinburgh Textbooks on the English Language
General Editor Heinz Giegerich, Professor of English Linguistics (University of Edinburgh) Editorial Board Laurie Bauer (University of Wellington) Derek Britton (University of Edinburgh) Olga Fischer (University of Amsterdam) Norman Macleod (University of Edinburgh) Donka Minkova (UCLA) Katie Wales (University of Leeds) Anthony Warner (University of York)      An Introduction to English Syntax Jim Miller An Introduction to English Phonology April McMahon An Introduction to English Morphology Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy

An Introduction to English Morphology
Words and Their Structure
Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy

Edinburgh University Press

To Jeremy

© Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy, 2002 Edinburgh University Press Ltd 22 George Square, Edinburgh Typeset in Janson by Norman Tilley Graphics and printed and bound in Great Britain by MPG Books Ltd, Bodmin A CIP Record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 0 7486 1327 7 (hardback) ISBN 0 7486 1326 9 (paperback) The right of Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy to be identified as author of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

Contents

Acknowledgements 1 Introduction Recommendations for reading 2 Words, sentences and dictionaries 2.1 Words as meaningful building-blocks of language 2.2 Words as types and words as tokens 2.3 Words with predictable meanings 2.4 Non-words with unpredictable meanings 2.5 Conclusion: words versus lexical items Exercises Recommendations for reading 3 A word and its parts: roots, affixes and their shapes 3.1 Taking words apart 3.2 Kinds of morpheme: bound versus free 3.3 Kinds of morpheme: root, affix, combining form 3.4 Morphemes and their allomorphs 3.5 Identifying morphemes independently of meaning 3.6 Conclusion: ways of classifying word-parts Exercises Recommendations for reading 4 A word and its forms: inflection 4.1 Words and grammar: lexemes, word forms and grammatical words 4.2 Regular and irregular inflection 4.3 Forms of nouns 4.4 Forms of pronouns and determiners 4.5 Forms of verbs

viii 1 3 4 4 5 6 9 12 13 14 16 16 18 20 21 23 26 27 27 28 28 31 34 38 39

vi

AN INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH MORPHOLOGY

4.6 4.7

Forms of adjectives Conclusion and summary Exercises Recommendations for reading

40 42 42 43 44 44 45 48 49 50 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 59 60 61 61 64 65 66 67 68 68 69 71 71 71 72 76 79 82 83 84

5 A word and its relatives: derivation 5.1 Relationships between lexemes 5.2 Word classes and conversion 5.3 Adverbs derived from adjectives 5.4 Nouns derived from nouns 5.5 Nouns derived from members of other word classes 5.6 Adjectives derived from adjectives 5.7 Adjectives derived from members of other word classes 5.8 Verbs derived from verbs 5.9 Verbs derived from member of other word classes 5.10 Conclusion: generality and idiosyncrasy Exercises Recommendations for reading 6 Compound words, blends and phrasal words 6.1 Compounds versus phrases 6.2 Compound verbs 6.3 Compound adjectives 6.4 Compound nouns 6.5 Headed and headless compounds 6.6 Blends and acronyms 6.7 Compounds containing bound combining forms 6.8 Phrasal words 6.9 Conclusion Exercises Recommendations for reading 7 A word and its structure 7.1 Meaning and structure 7.2 Affixes as heads 7.3 More elaborate word forms: multiple affixation 7.4 More elaborate word forms: compounds within compounds 7.5 Apparent mismatches between meaning and structure 7.6 Conclusion: structure as guide but not straitjacket Exercises Recommendations for reading

CONTENTS

vii

8 Productivity 8.1 Introduction: kinds of productivity 8.2 Productivity in shape: formal generality and regularity 8.3 Productivity in meaning: semantic regularity 8.4 Semantic blocking 8.5 Productivity in...
tracking img