Introduction to Management
Management nowadays can be seen as one of the most important factors to determine the success of one’s organisation or any business activities. Donnelly et al, (1987) emphasized that there are two important reasons on why we should study about management. The first reason is modern society today depends on specialised institutions and organisations to provide goods and services that we desire daily. These organisations are guided and directed by decisions of one or more individuals called “managers”. The managers have the authority and the responsibility to allocate society’s resources to the various and often competing ends. Apart from that, the manager is the person in charge to build safe or unsafe products, services, protection, healthcare and knowledge. There is no one in the whole wide world that is neither a manager nor affected by the decisions of a manager. The second reason emphasized by Donnelly et al, (1987) is he finds individuals who are not trained as managers often find themselves in managerial positions. There are many other reasons on why we need to study and understand about management. Basically management will help to increase future job opportunities by developing important technical, human and conceptual skills. The most important thing, by learning about management, it will help other people to understand and learn how to work well with their boss or superior to achieve the main objectives and targets. In organization perspective, a good management will reflects on the outcome of the productivity of the company. Thus, it is one of the most important elements in all organisation, big and small, government or private sectors and also non-profit organisations. Management can be divided into three difference levels of management. However, the main functions and goals are still similar which is to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. The first level is First Line Supervisors. Manager in this category is the responsible person to manage the work of organisational member who are involved in the actual production or creation of the organisation’s products or services. The second level is Middle Managers. As the middle managers, this person is responsible to manage the work of first line managers and also to overlook the others as well in the team or group. The third level of management is the Top Managers. Managers belongs to this groups is actually the most important person in one’s organisation such as the Chief Executive Officer, Managing Director, Vice President, or those people in board chairs.
Background of Study
The main reason why I chose this topic because from my point of view, learning about management is actually the first step to understand more about any organisation or business activities which involves a lot of planning and execution of action plans. Apart from that, the knowledge about management can also be our guidelines in general especially when it comes to decision making in our daily routine. This topic will help us to understand the application of standard operating policy and procedure in the business or organisation and how it works and how it can contributes to the success of the organization by considering the methodology set by Henri Fayol and Henry Mintzberg. By the end of the analysis, we will understand about the roles of managers in our modern society and how they can help others to aim for the best align with their company missions and visions. Once the missions are set by the top management, the managers will have to ensure that all the employees sharing the same targets, interest and expectations as it will automatically creates a healthy and positive environment at work. It is very important for each and everyone in the organisation to aim for the greater outcomes so that we can determine the success of the company by looking not only during their success of glory but also during...
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