People have a variety of needs. Irrespective of one's status, age, and achievements, one would still have some unfulfilled needs. In order to satisfy their unfulfilled needs more effectively, people have learned to organize themselves into groups. The process of organizing facilitates an organization in its specialization efforts. It helps the employees to develop specialized skills and enhances the productivity and efficient functioning of the organization. The organizational system consists of social, technical and economic elements which coordinate human and material resources to achieve various organizational objectives. Some of the objectives of an organization may be: • To maximize profits
• To produce goods and services of good quality
• To compete with other players in the industry
• To ensure welfare of its employees
• To make efficient use of resources and achieve growth
Human behavior in organizations is as complex as the social system itself. People differ from each other in their needs and values, which can be understood better with the help of behavioral science. Behavioral science considers the influence of various elements (social, economic and technical systems) of the complex external environment on people's behavior. It improves people's understanding of interpersonal skills and so also their ability to work together as a team to achieve organizational goals effectively.
Organizational Behavior Defined
Organizational behavior is the system of culture, leadership, communication and group dynamics that determines an organization’s actions. According to Keith Davis, “it is the study and application of knowledge about how people act within an organization.” Key Forces Affecting Organizational Behavior
Elements of Organizational Behavior
How people behave in an organization under a given situation is the concern of organizational behavior. People join an organization to achieve...