1. Introduction to human resource development: (HRD – Desimone, Werner, Harris)
What is HRD?
Human resources may be defined as the total knowledge, skills, creative abilities, talents and aptitudes of an organization's workforce, as well as the values, attitudes, approaches and beliefs of the individuals involved in the affairs of the organization. It is the sum total or aggregate of inherent abilities, acquired knowledge and skills represented by the talents and aptitudes of the persons employed in the organization.
The term HRD was coined by Leonard Nadler and according to him, “HRD is a series of organized activities, conducted within a specified time and designed to produce behavioural change”
Learning is the core of all HRD efforts. HRD activities should begin when an employee joins an organization and continue throughout his/her career, regardless of whether that employee is an executive or a worker on an assembly line. HRD programs should also respond to job changes.
Human Resource Development (HRD) is a framework to help employees develop their organizational skills, knowledge, and abilities. Human Resource Development includes such opportunities as employee training, employee career development, performance management and development, coaching, mentoring, succession planning, and organization development.
Human Resource Development can be formal such as in classroom training, a college course, or an organizational planned change effort. Or, Human Resource Development can be informal as in employee coaching by a manager. Healthy organizations believe in Human Resource Development and cover all of these bases.
The term HRD has been commonly used since the 1980s, but the concept has been around a lot longer than that. Let`s have a brief recount of the history of this field.
1) Early Apprenticeship Training Programs:
(Apprentice: A person who helps/assists/works under a...