Introduction to Environmentalism

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At this point many in the industry operators around the world are being squeezed by the global economic crisis is a bit painful. This put pressure on operating costs involving wages, energy consumption and costs related to environmental management in the industry. As a result, many in the industry operators to take shortcuts to stop working as well as reduce the size of the production.

There are also among the industry players seeking to reduce the environmental monitoring report for their premises in an effort to reduce the economic burden incurred. Some industry players spent nearly 20 to 30 percent of the total cost of operations on the aspects of environmental management.

Environmental management costs involved in the industry are related to the treatment and handling of waste contaminants. Waste out of the ordinary in the industry is the black smoke from chimneys, industrial waste water and waste pollution. All of the remaining contaminants must be managed and treated properly so it does not bring harm to humans and the environment.

In addition, there are some industries that are required to submit environmental monitoring reports regularly to the agencies and departments related to the environment. Among the reports being submitted as reports from the stack emissions monitoring and reporting compliance with the limits of industrial waste water discharge. All these activities require a very expensive cost. However, it is the responsibility of industry players to menjalankanya even had to deal with economic problems.

If the economic gloom persists is certainly a lot of industry players who are forced to close down and lose a valuable source of income. In addition, unemployment rates are also expected to increase up to 200,000 people until the end of this year if this problem continues to persist.

In seeking the best solutions industry players should not take the easy way to marginalize a better alternative for implementation. They should look at other alternatives that can ensure their survival and to assist countries in dealing with the global economy.

To overcome this problem alternative environmentally friendly approach "Cleaner Production" (Cleaner Production (CP)) is seen to provide relief among industry players. The concept of Cleaner Production is a two-pronged in that it can help reduce the impact of environmental pollution and financial savings, if properly planned. Industry players need to do some research to implement strategies through the Cleaner Production approach.

The concept of cleaner production is different from traditional business practices are more important aspects of industrial pollution control at the end of the process (end of pipe). Traditional practices with industry players, including spending millions of dollars to build a wastewater treatment plant and air pollution control equipment. However, there are those among industry players who are not able to perform efficient treatment of pollution at a good level despite the high invest money to solve. This is part of the problem faced by industry players. However, the Cleaner Production approach is to solve this problem well.

Net production is more focused approach to the 'root cause' of pollution and moving toward menghapuskanya in the early stages. It was seen as a new paradigm shift in the world of environmental engineering. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) defines the Cleaner Production (CP) as an integrated approach to pollution prevention strategies on an ongoing basis in the operations, products and services produced. It can be beneficial to the overall efficiency of operations and reduce risks to humans and the environment.

There are five pollution prevention strategies adopted by these concepts. The first strategy is the modification of the product. It includes changes in the nature - the nature of products, such as shape and designed kandunganya taking a lower cost and environmentally...
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