Introduction to Educational Research and the Scientific Method

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During this Module 1 case assignment I will provide a definition of research.
After that I will describe the basic steps when conducting research reflecting the

systematic approach to research. Then I will discuss the limitations of the scientific and

disciplined approach. Now that I given a brief overview of the topics I will discuss

during this Module 1 case assignment I begin with the definition of research.

According to Trochim (2006) research is often described as an active, diligent,

and systematic process of inquiry aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising facts.

Trochim (2006) found that this intellectual investigation produces a greater understanding

of events, behaviors, or theories, and makes practical applications through laws and

theories as well. Trochim also informs that the term research is used to describe a

collection of information about a particular subject, and is usually associated with science

and the scientific method. According to Ndundam (2005) research is the systematic

application or use of a set of methods to provide trustworthy information about problems

Ndundam informs research helps to provide facts/reliable information or verifiable

information instead of assumptions as well. Now that I have defined research I will talk

about the systematic approach of research.

According to Ndundam (2005) the systematic approach is based on a scientific

and disciplined inquiry approach to examining educational issues and questions.

Ndundam also informs that the systematic approach combines features of inductive and

deductive reasoning with other characteristics to produce an approach to understanding

that is generally more practical and trustworthy than traditions, experts, personal beliefs

and experiences or inductive and deductive reasoning alone.

Ndunda (2005) four basic steps of systematic approach:
(a) “Recognize and identify a topic to be studied. A topic is a question, issue or problem related to education that can be examined and answered through the collection and analysis of data. (b) Describe and execute the procedures to collect information about the topic being studied. This involves identify the subjects/participants, the measures needed to collect the data, and the activities describing how and when the data will be collected. (c) Analyze the data-how will data be analyzed? Are data requiring qualitative or quantitative analyzes processes? (d) State the results or implications based on analysis of data. Conclusions reached in

the research study should relate back to the original research topic. What can be

concluded given the information provided by the study? Are the conclusions drawn

from the data? “

Now that I have defined and given the basic steps of systematic research I provide a

definition of scientific research divulge some limitations.

According to Gauch (2003) the scientific method is a body of techniques for

investigating phenomena and acquiring new knowledge, as well as for correcting and

integrating previous knowledge. Gauch informs it is based on observable, empirical,

measurable evidence, and subject to laws of reasoning. He explains although specialized

procedures vary from one field of inquiry to another, there are identifiable features that

distinguish scientific inquiry from other methods of developing knowledge. Gauch also

noticed that scientific researchers propose specific hypotheses as explanations of natural

phenomena, and design experimental studies that test these predictions for accuracy.

Based on research by Gauch (2003) these steps are repeated in order to make increasingly

dependable predictions of future results. Now that I have defined scientific research I

will discuss some of the limitations you may encounter utilizing this method of research

In conclusion, scientific research has...
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