Introduction to Business Law

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INTRODUCTION
Protection of environment or in other words environment preservations or preventing environment pollution has been a growing concern of the modern times. As time flies by, and with the theory of global warming and other environmental issues coming into action, protecting the environment is of utmost significance. Every nation has its duty towards protecting their surrounding environment. Protecting environment has become such an issue that nowadays; the perspective of protecting has gone on to cross national borders as well thus becoming a global issue. So as it stands, environmental law has both international and national perspectives. I will take you through to both the perspectives of environmental law and also discuss in detail five international conventions of significance constituting provisions for the protections of environmental law. First let us go through what is meant by environmental law. WHAT IS ENVIRONMENTAL LAW?

According to Wikipedia, Environmental Law is stated as a collective term describing international treaties (conventions), statutes, regulations, and common law or national legislation (where applicable) that operates to regulate the interaction of humanity and the natural environment with an aim reduce the impacts of human activity. The topic may be divided into two major subjects: pollution control and remediation, and resource conservation and individual exhaustion which are described below. Environmental remediation 

Environmental remediation deals with the removal of pollution or contaminants from environmental media such as soil, groundwater, sediment, or surface water for the general protection of human health and the environment. Remediation is generally subject to an array of regulatory requirements, and also can be based on assessments of human health and ecological risks where no legislated standards exist or where standards are advisory. -------------------------------------------------

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Pollution control
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Pollution control is involved with the controlling of emissions and effluents into air, water or soil without which the waste products from consumption, heating, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transportation and other human activities, whether they accumulate or disperse, will degrade the environment. In the hierarchy of controls, pollution prevention and waste minimization are more desirable than pollution control. -------------------------------------------------

Resource conservation
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Resource conservation deals with management of the human use of natural resources to provide the maximum benefit to current generations while maintaining capacity to meet the needs of future generations. Conservation includes both the protection and rational use of natural resources. -------------------------------------------------

History
According to Wikipedia, the first legal rules on environmental issues are pretty old - they are clearly originating from Roman law rules and were also applied in the Middle Ages in Europe. While it is possible to identify early legal structures that would today fall into the "environmental" law metric - for example the common law recognition of private and public rights to protect interests in land, such as nuisance, or post-industrial revolution human health protections - the concept of "environmental law" as a separate and distinct body of law is a 20th Century development. The recognition that the natural environment was fragile and in need of special legal protections, the translation of that recognition into legal structures, and the development of those structures into a larger body of "environmental law" did not occur until about the 1960s. At that time, numerous influences - including a growing awareness of the unity and fragility of the biosphere following mankind's first steps into...
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