Lecture 1: Introduction
Naturalism -- the style of painted or sculptures representation based on close observation of the natural world that was at the core of the classical tradition. Iconography -- Greek, the “writing of images.” The term refers both to the content, or subject, of an artwork and to the study of content in art. It also includes the study of the symbolic, often religious, meaning of objects, persons, or events depicted in work of arts. (is the art that craving and painting) Lecture 2: The Trecento
Humanism – in the Renaissance, an emphasts on education and on expanding knowledge (especially of classical antiquity), the exploration of the individual potential and a desire to excel, and a commitment maniera greca – Italian, “Greek manner” the Italo- Byzantine painting style of the 13th century. city states – Republics’ of Siena and Florence
Maestà -- Virgin Enthroned in Majesty
fresco –Painting on lime plaster, either dry (dry fresco, or fresco secco) or wet ( true, or buon, fresco). In the latter method, the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster. Also, a painting executed in either method chiaroscuro – in drawing or painting, the treatment and use of light and dark, especially the gradations of light that produce the effect of modeling. Lecture 3: Early Northern Renaissance
Oil painting -- a paint technique using oil based pigments that rose to prominence in Northern Europe in the 15th Century and is now the standard medium for painting on canvas. Polyptych –an altarpiece or a painting composed of more than three sections. Triptych -- A three-paneled painting or altarpiece.
Grisaille – a monochrome painting done mainly in neutral grays to simulate sculpture. Memento Mori – Latin, “reminder of death.” In painting, a reminder of human mortality, usually represented by a skull. Lecture 4: Early Renaissance in Florence Key Terms