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Introduction to Agrarian Reform

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Introduction to Agrarian Reform

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  • March 14, 2011
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TABLE OF CONTENT

I. INTRODUCTION TO
AGRARIAN REFORM OF THE PHIL. AND BRIEF HISTORY OF
AGRARIAN REFORM

II. IMPLEMENTING LAWS

III. DEFINITION OF LAND REFORM
& AGRARIAN REFORM

IV. COVERAGE OF THE LAND
REFORM PROGRAM

V. RETENTION LIMITS & EXCEPTION ON THE
RULES ON RETENTION LIMITS

VI. EVALUATION

I. INTRODUCTION TO
AGRARIAN REFORM OF THE PHIL. AND BRIEF HISTORY OF AGRARIAN REFORM

Land reform pertains to integrated set of measures designed to eliminate obstacles to economic and social development arising from defects in the agrarian structure. One of the existing agrarian reform laws in the country is Republic Act No. 6675, otherwise known as the “The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law”.

Agrarian reform had been introduced in the country as early as the Spanish period. Royal Decrees were issued for loyalty and faithful service to the Spanish Crown. However, only some few affluent got titles to their land and were allowed to exact tributes from peasants. “Land dispute and agrarian unrest partly ignited the explosion which resulted in the Revolution against Spain”.

During the American Period, Church-owned lands were subdivided as a measure of land reform. These lands were sold to farmers to pacify the revolting peasant. This set-up enabled a number of Filipino farmers to amass big tract of lands which later on became the haciendas.

In 1933, the Philippines Rice Share Tenancy Act was passé which regulated the relationship between tenants in rice-producing areas and the landlord.

When the 1935 Constitution was enacted, several provision on social justice including expropriation of landholding and protection to labor were introduce. Under the social justice program of President Manuel L. Quezon, effort were made to carry out land settlement projects.due to the increasing unrest in the rice producing areas, Commonwealth Act No. 178 was passed amending the...