Introduction of Internet

Topics: Internet, E-mail, Internet Protocol Pages: 20 (5933 words) Published: July 30, 2009

Thanks to God…

We here by wish to thank you to all that have involved directly or indirectly in the process of completing this assignment, which is the System Development Life Cycle and Services Provided Via Internet.

We would like to express our thanks and gratitude to our lecturer for the kindness of helping us to finish this paperwork that marked by it excellences. All the things she has thought us will be remembered by us forever.

We would like to thanks all of our friends that gives us the support and the motivation we need to keep going on with the assignment.

Finally, thanks to all that helped us so much that we did not mention in our acknowledgement. Without all of your help, this assessment will never be completed. Thank you

You’re sincerely.




The internet is based on client/server technology. Individuals using the Internet control what they do through client applications such as WEB browser software. All the data, including e-mail, message and web pages, are stored on servers. A client uses the Internet to request information from a particular Web server on a distant computer and the server send the requested information back to the client via internet.


The Internet is the worldwide, publicly accessible network of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using the standard Internet Protocol (IP). It is a "network of networks" that consists of millions of smaller domestic, academic, business, and government networks, which together carry various information and services, such as electronic mail, online chat, file transfer, and the interlinked Web pages and other documents of the World Wide Web.

The USSR's launch of Sputnik spurred the United States to create the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA, later known as the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA) in February 1958 to regain a technological lead. ARPA created the Information Processing Technology Office (IPTO) to further the research of the Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) program, which had networked country-wide radar systems together for the first time. J. C. R. Licklider was selected to head the IPTO, and saw universal networking as a potential unifying human revolution.

In 1950, Licklider moved from the Psycho-Acoustic Laboratory at Harvard University to MIT where he served on a committee that established MIT Lincoln Laboratory. He worked on the SAGE project. In 1957 he became a Vice President at BBN, where he bought the first production PDP-1 computer and conducted the first public demonstration of time-sharing.

Licklider recruited Lawrence Roberts to head a project to implement a network, and Roberts based the technology on the work of Paul Baran who had written an exhaustive study for the U.S. Air Force that recommended packet switching (as opposed to Circuit switching) to make a network highly robust and survivable. After much work, the first node went live at UCLA on October 29, 1969 on what would be called the ARPANET, one of the "eve" networks of today's Internet. Following on from this, the British Post Office, Western Union International and Tymnet collaborated to create the first international packet switched network, referred to as the International Packet Switched Service (IPSS), in 1978. This network grew from Europe and the US to cover Canada, Hong Kong and Australia by 1981.

The first TCP/IP wide area network was operational by 1 January 1983, when the United States' National Science Foundation (NSF) constructed a university network backbone that would later become the NSFNet. (This date is held by some to be technically that of the birth of the Internet.) It was then followed by the opening of the network to commercial interests in 1985. Important, separate networks that offered gateways...
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