What is Field Work?
Anthropology is the field based subject. Fieldwork is the most important feature of Anthropology. It has three broad division viz. Physical or Biological, Social Cultural and Prehistoric Archaeology.
Field work is the part of Training in the subject Social–cultural Anthropology. Every Anthropologist should undergo this training in course of his preliminary study. Field work is characterized by empiricism. The first hand learning form a group of living people about their way of life constitute the body of field work. It involves the direct interaction between the field worker and his subjects.
The Santal, one of the important tribe of Eastern India are distributed at Birbhum district in West Bengal. They are now-a-days influenced by the Hindu Religion. They belong to Scheduled Tribe. They worship Hindu gods. They use their language besides the Bengali language. But they have their own script known as ‘’Ol Chiki’’. But they also use the Bengali script. Field Work is nothing but the Study of a Community in its own Socio setup. The present work is to attempt at the holistic study of Santal people of Balipara village of Birbhum District in west Bengal.
Though the field work is ultimately associated with Anthropological studies especially in Social Cultural Anthropology, we should study the village’s Physical aspects.
Aim and Objectives of Field Work:
‘Malinowski’ has started that a Cultural Anthropologist must possesses real Scientific Aims of modern Ethnography and that he should in the main live, right among the Motives and that he has to apply a number of methods in collecting manipulating and fixing evidences.
The Aim of field work is to get success in the work and the success of Field Investigator depends mainly on two factors -
1: His/her sensitiveness to various situations.
2: Interplay between his/her personally of those with whom he deals.
To achieve Success in Field Work, an Investigator should follow norms:-
A: The Investigator should listen to Informant in Patience and Friendly way.
B: The Investigator should not show any kind of authority.
C: The Investigator should not unnecessarily argue with the Informant.
D: The Investigator should not give any personal matter instruction to the Informant.
E: The Investigator should not interfere in any personal matter of the Informant.
F: The Investigator should not misbehave with the villagers.
The objectives of field work can be discussed at 2 levels:-
A: Training Levels.
B: Expert Level.
We the part – I (Second Sem.) Anthropology students fall into first categories i.e. – Training levels. We did 21 days Field Training programmed, where we applied standardized tools.
With this academic objective in view we made a 21 days field in Rural area under the supervision of our teachers and leadership of our department head who has tremendous field experience. The main objective of field work in Training level is as follows:-
A: In other Science subject’s experiment are done in the laboratory. In Anthropology practical classes are done in the field. So field is the laboratory of Anthropology. For this it is essentially of field science.
B: It makes a firm impression on the mind of the investigator about the people and their culture between whom he works.
C: The real field works is a scientific disciplined and routine. This makes vigorous demands on the patience. Perseverance and sense of humor of the field worker, by these an investigator can treat well his/her informant which helps him/her to get more and more data.
Field Methods and Techniques:
For any kind of Research Methodology has got its prime importance. In order to achieve an Objective and Scientific selection of Methodology is imperative. Anthropology is a field based subject. So data is too much essential for achieving the Anthropological field work. Selection of methodology depends up to the scope of...