15. EDWARD DE BONO’S CoRT¹ TOOLS
- CAF (Consider All Factors)
Edward de Bono’s Thinking Tools
• Simple and practical – can be used at all ability
levels and at all ages from 5 up
• A “toolbox” approach – Just as a carpenter
would choose different tools from his toolbox
and use them in different sequences depending
on the job at hand, so could one use appropriate
tools in thinking about a particular issue, or for
• CAF – Consider All Factors
• PMI – Plus, Minus, Interesting
• OPV – Other People’s Views
• APC – Alternatives, Possibilities,
• C&S – Consequence & Sequel
• AGO – Aims, Goals, Objectives
• FIP – First Important Priorities
• When taken as a whole, the tools can be
• In real life, information is not really put in
front of you for you to access. You have to
go and get the information, design a plan,
and take action.
• The purpose of the CoRT¹ Tools is to make
ADVANTAGES OF THINKING TOOLS
They help the user to:
• Avoid impulsive behavior & snap judgments
• See alternatives where others see only
difficulties, confusion, or impossible dilemmas
• Improve decision making and idea generating
• Increase his/her ability to consider the
consequences before taking action
• Work more productively when working with
others in a group
• Key questions when using
– What has been left out?
– Can you add another factor to the
list we have?
– What else must be considered?
• Of course there are important and
less important factors but the
main effort is to find the factors.
• Edward de Bono. (1993). Forward Or
Parallel. In Teach Your Child How to Think.
London: Penguin Books. (pp. 107 – 109).
Please join StudyMode to read the full document