This chapter presents the introductory part of the study. It contains the background information of the study, statement of the problem, significance of the study the scope and limitation of the study, operational definition of terms, and conceptual frame work of the study. Plastic waste is one of the major components in solid waste, and considered as one of environmental problems in the Philippines particularly in the urban areas. Plastic shopping or carrier bags are one of the main sources of plastic waste in our country. Plastic bags of all sizes and colors affect the city‘s landscape due to the problems of misuse and overuse and littering in the country. Aside from this visual pollution, plastic bag wastes contribute to blockage of drains and gutters, which threatens aquatic life when they find their way to water bodies, and can cause deaths to livestock when consumed. Furthermore, when filled with rainwater, plastic bags become breeding grounds for mosquitoes, which cause malaria. In addition, plastics take many years to degrade. Thus, they pose risks for the environment and human health (Narayan, 2001). Indang, one of the municipalities of Cavite, also had a serious problem in waste collection. PG-ENRO reported that the residents usually dump their garbage by frequently burying and incinerating (Caneda, 2007). There were arising solid waste management issues like collection of mixed wastes, improper practice of waste segregation, no segregation bins, no composting, areas and with Material Recovery Facilities but not functioning, which may result to extensive problem of solid waste (Marges, 2011). These results are in contrast with one of the objectives of Republic Act. 9003; to provide systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management program together with enforcement and responsibility of solid waste management with national government, non-government organization, and local government units. According to Mrs....
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