Chapter 19, Question 1: What are some of the common characteristics of Hebrew poetry? How much does biblical poetry differ from much of our modern poetry? Meter, parallelism, chiasm, and acrostics, (p. 282 -285)
Chapter 19, Question 2: How would you explain parallelism to someone who had never heard of it? I would use a metaphor. Parallelism is like a mirror between two lines. Synonymous is a normal mirror, antithetic is a mirror that acts as a mask (frame appears as a mask disguising the true reflection), and synthetic is a two sided mirror (you can see further). (Copied)
Chapter 20, Question 4: Describe the points of view of Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar. Where did they place the blame for Job’s suffering? What was Job’s response? Eliphaz emphasized God’s justice and purity, and taught that people including Job bring trouble on themselves. Blida typically appealed to tradition and considered himself a defender of orthodox doctrine; he explained that an individual who pursues wickedness (like Job) should not be surprised by divine punishment. Zophar considered himself a rationalist, and reasoned that Job’s punishment was no less than can be reasonably expected. They all blamed Job for his punishment. Job responded by first praising the virtues of wisdom, he reminisced about his life before the tragic events, lamented his present miserable condition, and denied he was ever guilty of lust, greed, adultery, mistreating slaves, trusting in riches, idolatry. (P.295-296) Chapter 20, Question 5: How does Elihu characterize Job’s problem? To what does he attribute God’s silence? What does he see as the key to alleviating job’s suffering? He characterized Job’s problem as one unanswered pray. He contended that God used suffering and chastisement to correct humankind. And that prayer is humanities method of acknowledging and submitting to God’s correction. Elihu approached in another speech where he reproached Job for questioning God’s justice, and then He informed Job that if God has been silent it was because he recognized insincerity in job’s requests, and that in any situation repentance is the key. He also said that the suffering of Job may be the means of his deliverance. (P.297-297) Chapter 20, Question 6: How does the Lord rebuke Job in 38:1-42:6? What is Job’s response? God answered job in the midst of a fierce windstorm. God rebuked Job for speaking out in ignorance and reminded him of his mortality. Then he challenged him to answer a series of question, A series of questions follow in rapid succession regarding the creation and nature that certainly contrast God's great power and wisdom with Job's limited ability and understanding. Overwhelmed, Job admits his unworthiness and inability to answer. He admits he has spoken before, but will do so no more. Then God challenges Job to compare his own strength with that of God. Job's final response is to humbly acknowledge God's ability to do everything, and that no purpose of His can be withheld from Him. He also confesses that he has spoken of things he did not understand, and beyond his ability to comprehend. Having now heard and seen God, Job repents. (P.297-298)
Chapter 20, Question 9: How does Job contribute to an understanding of retribution theology? How does the book answer the problem of theodicy? Job failed to understand the limits of the retribution theology. The conflict in the book of job maybe illustrated by equilateral triangle, at the top corner of the triangle stands God who turns his face to humans and is accessible to them. At another corner is job, the blameless and upright man. The last corner stands for the doctrine of retribution, held to by all speakers of the book including job. Job provided a biblical answer to the problem of theodicy. God is able to work all things –even evil thing- together for good and those who are faithful to him to the end will benefit from the evil they must suffer. (P.300-301)
Chapter 21, Question 1: Name the...
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