This report is an attempt to analyse the existing Performance Management System for Large Financial Service Organisation (LFSO) and from this information, recommend, and implement an appropriate new performance management system.
LFSO is an organisation, which traditionally has a paternalistic culture with low levels of unionisation. LFSO current Performance Management system was implemented two years ago changing the nature of the previous incremental salary scales described as Prerogatives by Lupton and Bowey and led to the abolition of the annual cost of living increment. This change by LFSO was an attempt to achieve a strategic, integrative and flexible approach to pay, in order to address its organisational objectives. Therefore it ¡¥reflected on a pluralist approach with the use of job evaluated grade structures regarding financial rewards and benefits¡¦. (Heery, 1996) despite the fact that with most paternalistic culture have a Unitarist approach to Performance Management systems.
Initial research conducted by the organisation indicated that objectives are not always established and reviews were spasmodic. There was a high degree of resentment between the different members of staff leading to unhealthy competitiveness and unwillingness to support others. (Kerr, 1995) describe this behaviour as ¡¥esprit de corps¡¦. This resulted in an increase in general grievances. The BFU have been aware of this anxiety and have started a strong recruitment drive amongst employees but no figures on existing membership were available.¡¦
In general, both employees and management did not fully understand the scheme at its inception and saw it simply as a cost cutting exercise. The reward levels introduced were seen to be too small to act as a ¡¥motivator¡¦. There was also debate about the role of the annual appraisal interview as there was no consensus view on the purpose of these, which were regarded as an ¡¥inconvenience¡¦.
Now two years into the scheme, LSFO is facing the threat of a ¡¥Bargaining Unit¡¦ or possible Unionisation. Alongside high levels of dissatisfaction from employees and some line managers who have also expressed serious concerns about their role in the process. The system itself is under severe criticism with large numbers of appeals although only a very few of these have been upheld. Performance results currently could be described as ¡¥Poor¡¦ due to the new system and negative behaviour has resulted from the low monetary reward system. Therefore the psychological contract defined as ¡¥ the set of expectations held by the individual employee the specify what the individual and the organisation expect to give to and receive from each other in the course of the working relationship¡¦ has deteriorated.
A summary of this research is shown using Winfield, Bishop and Porter SWOT analysis (Please see Appendix A), which evaluates LFSO organisational ¡¥fit¡¦ between the Performance Management system and its organisational objectives. Within this SWOT analysis we have noted the following factors:
Strengths:Mutual Understanding of Results/Expectations
Organisational Objectives and goals reflected in PMS
Weaknesses: Possible Unionisation amongst employee base (Third party Pressure)
Competencies not clearly defined
Amount of Reward
Opportunities:Transparency of Scheme
Employee contribution to PRP Structure
¡¥Importance of Fairness¡¦
To learn and grow
Employee Involvement in System
¡¥Quality Time¡¦ for Managers with employees
Threats:¡¥Esprit de Corps¡¦
Financial Restraints may increase salary bill without improvements in organisational performance.
Resistance to Change factors
Therefore additional research will need to be conducted. This will include the following: h Defining Performance Management and its key elements
h Compare and evaluate LFSOs¡¦ Performance Management system against Company X
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