Intro to Criminal Justice

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Intro to Criminal Justice
Courts and the Quest for Justice
Chap 7

1. What is jurisdiction? Explain briefly the difference between geographic and subject matter jurisdiction. Jurisdiction is the authority of a court to hear and decide cases within an area of the law or a geographic territory. Geographic has to do with the area a court hears. Subject matter has to do with the certain types of cases a court can hear. 2. Define and discuss trial and appellate courts. Include their overall jurisdiction. Trial courts are courts in which most cases begin and in which questions of fact are examined. Trial courts are primarily concerned with questions of fact. Appelate courts are courts that review decisions made by lower courts, such as trial courts. 3. List the four types of courts that may typically be included within a state court system. Name the three courts tiered within the federal court system. State courts of appeal, state trial courts of general jurisdiction, local trial courts of limited jurisdiction, state administrative agencies. Federal courts include; U.S District Courts, U.S courts of appeal, and the United State Supreme Court. 5. Explain how a case is brought before the Supreme Court. With a writ of certiorari, the Supreme Court orders a lower court to send it the record of a case for review. A party can petition the Supreme Court to issue a writ of certiorari, but whether the court will do so entirely within its discretion. 6. Discuss the responsibilites of the magistrate. Magistrates preside over courts whose jurisdiction is limited to disputes between private individuals and to crimes punishable by small fines or short jail terms. In many jurisdictions, magistrates are responsible for providing law enforcement agents with search and seizure warrants. 7. List and describe the roles and responsibilites of the trial judge before the trail begins. The judge learns the facts of the case. 8. List and describe the members of the courtroom work...
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