Intro to Anatomy

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Chapter 1
The Human Body: An Orientation

Multiple Choice

The correct sequence of levels forming the structural hierarchy is (c) Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organismal

The structural and functional unit of life is
(a) cell

Which of the following is a major functional characteristic of all organisms? (e) all of these

Two of these organ systems bear the major responsibility for ensuring homeostasis of the internal environment. Whichtwo? (a)nervous system and (d) endocrine system

In (a)-(e), a directional term is followed by elbow/wrist. In each case, choose the structures or locations. In each case, choose the structure or organ that matches the directional term. distal: wrist

lateral: hip bone
superior: nose
anterior: toes
superficial: scalp

Assume that the body has been sectioned along three planes: (1) median plane, (2) a frontal plane, and (3) a transverse plane made at the level of each of the organs listed below. Which organs will not be visible in al three cases? (c) lungs and (d) kidneys

Relate each of the following conditions or statements to either the dorsal body cavity or the ventral body cavityl. (a) surrounded by the bony skull and vertebral column : dorsal (b) includes the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities: ventral (c) contains the brain and spinal cord : dorsal

(d) contains the heart, lungs, and digestive organs : ventral

Which of the following relationships is incorrect?
parietal pericardium/outer surface of heart

Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection?
(b) abdominal cavity

Terms that apply to the backside of the body in the anatomical position include: posterior; dorsal

Short Answer Essay Questions

According to the principle of complementarity, how does anatomy relates to physiology?

According to the principle of complementarity, anatomy relates to physiology because function always reflects structure.

12. Construct a table that lists the 11 system of the body, names two organs of each system, and describe the overall or major function of each system.

|System of the body |Names 2 organ of each system |Major function of each system | |Integumentary System |Hair & Skin |External body covering | |Skeleton System |Joint & Bones |Protects & supports body organs. Framework | | | |the muscles | |Muscular System |Skeletal Muscles |Allows manipulations of the environment, | | | |locomotion & facial expression. | |Nervous System |Brain & Nerves |Controls the system of the body | |Endocrine System |Ovary & Pancreas |Secretes hormones | |Cardiovascular System |Blood vessels & Heart |Blood vessels transport blood. The heart | | | |pumps blood | |Lymphatic System |Thymus & Spleen |Picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels | | | |and returns it to blood. The immune | | | |response mounts the attack on foreign | | |...
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