a. Intrapersonal Communication
Is the kind of communication that occurs within us. It involves thoughts, feelings, and the way we look at ourselves. known as "Self-talk"
Is a process of sending and receiving messages that enables humans to share knowledge, attitudes, and skills. c. Two Dimensions of Communication
Verbal - uttered or spoken words towards an individual.
II. Non-Verbal Communication
Has been defined as communication without words. It includes apparent behaviours such as facial expressions, eyes, touching, and tone of voice, (kinesics) as well as less obvious messages such as dress, posture and spatial distance (proxemics) between two or more people. Everything communicates, including material objects, physical space, and time systems. Although verbal output can be turned off, nonverbal cannot. Even silence speaks. Non-verbal signals can give clues and additional information and meaning over and above spoken (verbal) communication. b. How does NVC differ from Language?
Nonverbal communication skills are developed at a very young age. Young children know far more than they can verbalize and are generally more adept at reading nonverbal cues than adults are because of their limited verbal skills and their recent reliance on the nonverbal to communicate. As children develop verbal skills, nonverbal channels of communication do not cease to exist but rather they become entwined in the total communication process. Humans continue to use Nonverbal Communication for lots of reasons, including: Words have limitations: There are numerous areas where nonverbal communication is more effective than verbal (describing the shape of something, or providing quick direction, for instance). Nonverbal messages are likely to be more genuine: because nonverbal behaviors cannot be controlled as easily as spoken words. Nonverbal signals can express feelings inappropriate to state: Social etiquette limits what can be said, but nonverbal cues can communicate thoughts. A separate communication channel is useful to help send complex messages: A speaker can add enormously to the complexity of the verbal message through simple nonverbal signals. c. Why NVC matters
The way you listen, look, move, and react tells the other person whether or not you care, if you’re being truthful, and how well you’re listening. When your nonverbal signals match up with the words you’re saying, they increase trust, clarity, and rapport. When they don’t, they generate tension, mistrust, and confusion. If you want to become a better communicator, it’s important to become more sensitive not only to the body language and nonverbal cues of others, but also to your own. d. Non-Verbal communication cues can play five roles
Repetition - it can repeat the message the person is making verbally. Contradiction - it can contradict a message the individual is trying to convey. Substitution - it can substitute for a verbal message. (E.g., A person's eyes can often convey a far more vivid message than words do.) Complementing - it may add to or complement a verbal message. (E.g., A boss who pats a person on the back in addition to giving a praise can increase the impact of the message.) Accenting - it may accent or underline a verbal message. (E.g., Pounding the table.) e. Basic Properties of Language and NVC
Propositionality - language contains propositions that can be proven false Discreteness - words have discrete, agreed-upon meanings (e.g., dictionary definitions) Displacement - language can refer to things removed in time and space. Structure - language must adhere to grammatical use.
Universality - some forms of NVC are common everywhere.
Simultaneity - several NV messages can occur at the same time. Spontaneity - NVC can occur mindlessly and automatically.
Iconicity - NV signs may resemble the thing(s) they are referring to. III. Types of Non-Verbal...
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