Nickname: the walled city
Motto: insigne y siempre leal ciudad de manila
“distinguished and ever loyal city of manila”
Region: National Capital Region
Founder: Miguel Lopez De legazpi
Area : total 0.67 km2 (0.3 sq mi)
B. historical background
-intramuros is the oldest district of the present day city of manila. Its name in Spanish, literally means “within the wals”. - the historic fortified city of manila during the spanish colonial period. Located then along manila bay and south of the mouth of pasig river -construction of its thick defensive walls were started by the Spaniards in the 16th century to protect the seat of the Spanish government from the foreign invasions (mostly notably british and dutch) and raiding Chinese sea pirates -guarding the city is “fort Santiago”, a citadel located at the mouth of pasig river Before the Spanish
The site of Intramuros was originally a large and prosperous Malayan Muslim settlement named Maynilad. The name came frommay nilad, nilad being a water plant whose star-shaped flowers clustered in abundance along the low-lying riverbanks. The strategic location of Maynilad, being on the Pasig River and the Manila Bay, made it an ideal location for the locals to trade crafts and produce with other peoples of then pre-Hispanic Philippines and other Asian countries, especially with Chinese merchants. Maynilad was also the seat of power for native chiefs that ruled the area before the Spaniards set foot on Philippine soil. Spanish Rule
In 1565, Spanish conquistadors led by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi began to set foot on Maynilad. Legaspi and his men waged clashes with the natives before they were able to finally establish themselves in the area and have a peace agreement with the local leaders, who, in turn, turned over Maynilad to the Spanish. Citing the strategic economic, political and military importance of Manila, Legaspi promptly declared Manila as the capital of the then new Spanish colony of the Philippines on June 24, 1571. The King of Spain, delighted at the new conquest done by Legaspi and his men, awarded Manila a coat of arms and declared it Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad("Distinguished and ever loyal city"). Planning in the City of Manila was first manifested in the Spanish period plan for Intramuros, which was based on King Philip II's Royal Ordinance issued on July 3, 1573 in San Lorenzo, Spain. Intramuros served as the center of political, military and religious power of the Spaniards during the time that the Philippines was a colony of Spain. Inside Intramuros were Roman Catholic churches, like the Manila Cathedral and the San Agustin Church , and convents and church-run schools, which were usually being run by religious orders such as the Dominicans, Augustinians and Franciscans; the Governor's Palace, the official residence of the Spanish governor-general to the Philippines before it was officially moved to Malacañang Palace. Malacanang Palace is the official residence of the president of the Philippines. The palace is located along the north bank of the Pasig River in Manila. It is called Palasyo ng Malakanyang in Filipino, and is depicted on the verso (back) side of the 20-; and Fort Santiago.. A defence fortress built by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi. Originally, it stoods the palisade of Rajah Soliman, chieftain of Maynilad. Located at the mouth of the Pasig River, it was once the primer defence fort of the Spanish Empire in the Philippines. It was, the main Spanish garrison in the archipelago where martyr Jose Rizal was once held by Spanish authorities. Only Spaniards were allowed inside Intramuros; the natives and Chinese residents were only limited by the Spanish authorities to live outside the walls of Intramuros.
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