Small Group and Member & Leaders Within
Bob – Le Tung Chau
Irene Indra Wijaya
Jessica – Nguyen Thi Tam Hien
John – Nguyen Tuong Huy
Joke M. Karta
Leo – Le Manh Hung
MHH Class 2010
Small Group Communication
A small group is a relatively small number of individuals who share a common purpose and follow similar organizing rules. It’s a collection of individuals. Generally, a small group consists of approximately 5 to 12 people; if the group is much larger than 12 people, communication becomes difficult. Groups operate by following certain organizing rules. Sometimes these rules are extremely rigid-as in groups operating under parliamentary procedure, in which comments must follow prescribed rules. At other times, the rules are more loosely defined as in a social gathering. Small group types
Relationship and Task Groups
a) Social or relationship groups are what sociologists call primary groups. Example, your immediate family, your group of friends at school, and perhaps your neighbour. Usually these groups serve your relationship needs for affiliation, affirmation, and affection. Some of these groups, like family, are extremely long-lasting; some, like a group of friends at college, may last only a year or two. b) Task groups (sociologists call these secondary groups) are groups formed to accomplish something. Some task groups are put together to solve a specific problem; for example, a committee of college professors might be established to hire a new faculty member, select a textbook, or serve on a graduate student’s dissertation committee. The task group is more formal and the reward of participation here comes from accomplishing the specific task. Another interesting difference between task and relationship groups is that in relationship groups each member is irreplaceable and unique. Task and relationship functions often overlap, however. In fact, it would be difficult to find a group in which these two functions were not combined in some way at some times. Reference and membership groups
a) A reference group is a group from which you derive your values and norms of behaviour. b) A membership group is a group that you participate in but do not use to guide or measure yourselves.
Small group stages
With knowledge of the various kinds of groups, we can now look at how group interact in the real world. Small group interaction develops in much the same way as a conversation. There are 5 stages: opening, feed forward, business, feedback, and closing. Different groups will naturally follow different patterns. For example, a work group that has gathered to solve a problem is likely to spend a great deal more time focused on the task-whereas an informal social group, say two or three couples who get together for dinner, will spend more time focused on people concerns.
Small group formats
In the roundtable, group members arrange themselves in a circular or semicircular pattern. They share information or solve a problem without any set pattern of who speaks when. The panel format is similar to the roundtable; however, panel participants are “experts”. As in the roundtable format, member remarks are informal and there is no set pattern for who speaks when. The symposium consists of a series of prepared presentations much like public speeches. The leader of a symposium introduces the speakers, provides transitions from one speaker to another, and may provide periodic summaries. The symposium-forum consists of two parts: a symposium of prepared speeches and a forum consisting largely of questions and comments from the audience and responses from the symposium speakers. The symposium leader introduces the speakers and moderates the question and answer session.
Small Group Online
Small groups use a wide variety of channels and even though mostly it takes face-to-face interaction, groups nowadays also...