1.1 What is WLAN?
Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a kind of local area network which established using a wireless link between the service providers and the clients using some wireless equipment. This network development is based on the IEEE 802.11 standard.
1.1.2 IEEE 802.11
IEEE 802.11 denotes a set of Wireless LAN/WLAN standards developed by working group 11 of the IEEE LAN/MAN Standards Committee (IEEE 802). The term 802.11x is also used to denote this set of standards and is not to be mistaken for any one of its elements. There is no single 802.11x standard. The term IEEE 802.11 is also used to refer to the original 802.11, which is now sometimes called "802.11 legacy" . The 802.11 family currently includes six over-the-air modulation techniques that all use the same protocol. The most popular techniques are those defined by the b, a, and g amendments to the original standard; security was originally included and was later enhanced via the 802.11i amendment. 802.11n is another modulation technique that has recently been developed; the standard is still under development, although products designed based on draft versions of the standard are being sold. Other standards in the family (c–f, h, and j) are service enhancements and extensions or corrections to previous specifications. 802.11b was the first widely accepted wireless networking standard, followed by 802.11a and 802.11g . 802.11b and 802.11g standards use the 2.40 GHz (gigahertz) band, operating (in the United States) under Part 15 of the FCC Rules and Regulations. Because of this choice of frequency band, 802.11b and 802.11g equipment can incur interference from microwave ovens, cordless telephones, Bluetooth devices, and other appliances using this same band. The 802.11a standard uses the 5 GHz band, and is therefore not affected by products operating on the 2.4 GHz band. Table 1.1: Protocol Summary of IEEE 802.11
Protocol Legacy 802.11a 802.11b 802.11g 802.11n
Release Date 1997 1999 1999 2003 2006
Operating Frequency GHz 2.4-2.5 5 2.4-2.5 2.4-2.5 2.4 and/or 5
Throughput (Typ) Mbps 0.7 23 4 19 74
Data Rate (Max) Mbps 2 54 11 54 248 = 2x2 ant
Range (Indoor) meters ~25 ~30 ~35 ~35 ~70
Range (Outdoor) meters ~75 ~100 ~110 ~115 ~160
1.2 Why it should be used?
Bangladesh entered the Internet world in 1993 using offline E-mail services. Online Dial-up services started in 1996 through VSAT based data connectivity. But it is not possible to give a Dial-up connection to all because; it uses the BTTB’s telephone line. While Dial-up is active the phone line is busy and it is not possible to give a client more than 4/5 Kbps speed. Using an ADSL modem it can be increased to more than 2 Mbps. But it is not enough for a corporate user and also it is very costly and there are many other problems which has described below. The Ethernet connectivity can give a maximum of 100 Mbps. But its range is too small. Wireless LAN has vast benefits over wired network in some aspects. In our country especially in big cities like Dhaka, it is very hard job to establish a wired network all over the city. Because, it is over populated, buildings were made with out any proper plan and also the roads. Generally the wire lines are established over head, which is not so secured. Wire can be broken due to any kind of natural or man made problem. It may be theft. Or it can be misused by any one by taking a parallel line from it. It may create leak of data security. It is also very expensive to establish a copper wire network road by road and maintenance of it. Besides that there are many rivers, cannels in our county, and also hill tracks in some parts. It is not possible to give a wired network over those. For all those reasons it is not a wise decision to use a wired network in our country. A Wireless LAN can be more reliable, low cost, convenient network considering above aspects....