International/Transnational Crime

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INTERNATIONAL CRIME Introduction International crime, also known as transnational crime, poses a serious threat to American communities, financial and business institutions, and to the stability and security of the global populace. International crime knows no boundaries or borders, nor does it recognize the rules or laws within them. National and international security will always be threatened as long as international crime is at its doorstep. According to Picarelli (2011), the U.S. Department of Justice defines transnational organized crime in part as "self-perpetuating associations of individuals that operate internationally for the purpose of obtaining power, influence, monetary, and/or commercial gains, wholly or in part by illegal means, while protecting their activities through a pattern of corruption and/or violence, or while protecting their illegal activities through an international organizational structure and the exploitation of international commerce or communication mechanisms." The United States is at the forefront in fighting international crime with a multitude of collaborating agencies, renewed strategies, and the increased use of signals intelligence (SIGINT), human intelligence (HUMINT), and open source intelligence (OSINT). Additionally, the United States has collaborated with foreign counterparts having conducted several research methods through foreign police investigations, intelligence agencies, and government officials. These findings have shown that the trend of international criminal activity is on the rise within the United States. This increase in criminal activity is attributed to the formation of a strong alliance between foreign and domestic criminal groups and the diversification of their commodities. The scope and intensity of activity for these criminal organizations has increased tremendously due to globalization, which seems to have caused our national and political

INTERNATIONAL CRIME boundaries to begin to fade. Ekblom (2003), states that technology has enabled the syndicates of multinational crime groups to expand their field of operation. The most probable means to limit international crime is through the active cooperation between agencies and countries regardless of their socioeconomic status. This cooperative agreement should include federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial agencies. Teamwork should be encouraged and further enhanced to attack and break the chain of these criminal organizations. At the same time, stability of the rule of law has to be promoted in order to establish a viable and trustworthy international criminal justice system, which can and will reduce the threats of transnational crimes. International Crime Background According to Albanese (2011), the term "international crime" encompasses a range of illegal activities. Some of these activities are, but not limited to: Money Laundering, Human Trafficking, Cyber Crimes, Drug Trafficking, Terrorism, Extortion, Illegal Immigration, Trafficking Women and Children, Environmental Crimes, Trafficking Firearms and Drugs, Illicit Transfer of Products over International Borders, Financial Crimes, Economic Trade Crimes, Patent Infringements and Piracy of Intellectual Property, Illegal Trade of Artifacts and Theft of Antiquities, Illegal Trade of Endangered Species, Piracy, Counterfeiting, Trafficking of Precious Gems, Sanctions Violations, Nondrug Contraband Smuggling, and Foreign Economic Espionage. The areas in which these criminal activities are conducted are world-wide, and for the most part, go unchecked by governing officials. The occurrence of these activities is secretive in nature, making it difficult to measure the true total frequency in which they are committed. Additionally, extreme violence is often associated with these illegal activities, closely followed by bribery and terror tactics. Several of the countries and states that transnational crime frequents

INTERNATIONAL CRIME are: United...
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