Regional and International Conflict - Impact of Transnational Terrorism
“The Given Factor is the most significant impact of transnational terrorism.” Do you agree? Explain your answer.
1. Loss of lives and property
2. Damages to the economy
3. Loss of livelihood
4. Tension and mistrust among ethnic and religious groups
5. Increased border security measures
P: The loss of lives and property is a significant impact of transnational terrorism. E: This is because the loss not caused huge damages to the economy but also led to trauma among the people. D: The total loss of lives and property cost insurance companies about $40 billion and the airline industry lost a lot of business due as many people were afraid of flying. E: The government had to step in to help eventually in order to prevent airline companies from closing down. X: As the loss of lives and property cost a huge impact to the economy and also generated social impacts, it is is a significant impact of transnational terrorism.
P: Damages to the economy is a significant impact of transnational terrorism. E: This is because the loss caused huge damages which force many business to close down and put many more at risk. D: For example, many airline companies were on the verge of closure and required intervention from the government in order to continue operations. E: The tourism industry also took a beating as people are more wary of travelling especially to areas known to attract terrorist activities such as Bali. X: As damages to the economy caused huge losses to businesses and led to the loss of livelihood among many, it is a significant impact of transnational terrorism.
P: The loss of livelihood is a significant impact of transnational terrorism. E: This is because the affected people are unable to resume the economic activity that provides the means for their survival. D: This aspect of the economic impact was most acutely felt by the Balinese when their island was bombed in 2002. E: Almost immediately after, tourist arrivals to Bali fell by more than 50% causing many Balinese to lose their source of livelihood as the main source of income for the people of the island is tourism. The Indonesian government, in turn, faced pressure to relieve the economic hardships faced by the people there. X: As the government is expected to help individuals adversely affected by terrorist acts, the loss of livelihood is a serious consequence of transnational terrorism as government funds are redeployed from much needed investment purposes thereby adversely affecting the economic growth of the affected country.
P: The creation of tension and mistrust among the various ethnic and religious groups is a serious consequence of transnational terrorism. E: This is because the suspicion and tension created can lead to hostility and escalate into other social problems such as riots and civil unrest which disrupts the peace and harmony in a society. D: To ensure good relations between the various races and religions in Singapore, the Community Engagement Programme was launched by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong on 9 Feb 2006 as a long-term effort to ensure that Singaporeans are better equipped to maintain social cohesion and harmony. E: The programme aims to bring together Singaporeans from different communities, to strengthen inter-communal bonds, and to put in place response plans to help deal with potential communal tensions after an incident, be it a terrorist attack or a civil emergency. X: As terrorist acts have the potential to develop into riots that disrupt the peace and security enjoyed from harmonious relations between races, the creation of suspicion and tension among the various ethnic and religious groups is a serious consequence of transnational terrorism.
P: Increased border security measures is a serious consequence of transnational terrorism. E: This is because governments have a responsibility...
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