International Relations with Middle East

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1)What do you think are the common and different causes and dynamics of the Civil Revolts in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Syria? All episodes of protests have a political implications,(вовлечения) especially in authoriatorian and semi-autoritorian countries. The “Arab Sping” has widely belived to have been instigated(давать толчёк) by dissatisfaction with the rule of local governmets . Numerous factors (causes) have lead to the protests, including issue such as dictatorship or absolute monarchy , human rights violation, political corruption, economic decline (inflation), kleptocracy, sectarianism, unemployment, extreme poverty and a number of a demographic structural factors, high prices of basic goods, lack of freedom of speech and trigger. Military played a huge role almost in all the countries, aljazeera and other social networks as well. Tunisia and Egypt, the first to witness the major uprisings, differ from Lybia and Syria. Let’s now explain the different causes and dynamics of the Civil Revolts. Tunisia was the first country who set an example following the self-immolation(самосожжение) of M.Bouazizi. The demonstrations here were preceded by high unemployment, food inflation, corruption, lack of freedom of speech and other forms of political and poor living conditions. The Egypt was inspired by the uprising in Tunisia, hence the causes were almost the same. The most important event was a massive general strike led by networks of young activists and worker groups that took place on april 6. In both, Tunisia and Egypt the revolters were young, educated, liberal people. Workers and young activists in Egypt have viewed political opposition as untrustworthy and obsolete organizations. In Egypt the revolts were situated in urban and cosmopolitan areas, were much more organized than in Tunisia, society relatively more prepared. Also military has a huge influence in Egypt, but not in Tunisia. The essential demands were: socioeconomic and political, eliminating corruption, political freedom,affordable housing, job creation, leadership maximizing youth potential. Egyptians were also not satisfied with the efforts to preserve the environment. In Lybia the opposition controlled most of Benghazi, the country’s second largest city. The government dispatched (send) elite troops and militia in an attempt to recruit it,(завербовать) but they were repelled (отбивать). Then protests had spread to the capital Tripoli. In the august, anti-Gaddafi fightres captured Tripoli, scattering(разрушить) Gaddafi’s government and making the end of the 42 years of power, which prohibited private ownership and retail trade, banned(prohibit) a free press, subverted (свергать) the military leadership. Lybia result to be country who faces big challenges in comparison to Tunisia and Egypt. 20.11. 2011 Gaddafi was killed, NATO intervention. The leadership passed to a cobbled-together(приготовить на скорую руку) comprising (include) both jihadists and bureaucrats. Protest in Syria started on 26.01.2011, when the police officer assulted a man in public. The man was arrested right after the assault. Protesters called for the freedom of the arrested man. The Syrian security forces arrested about 15 children for writing slogans against the government. Soon protesters erupted (вылиться,перерасти)over the arrest and abuse of the children, people started to protest against the Baathist regime, which has been ruling Syria since 1963. Hence, Syria revolution was more slower, started step by step. There is still no big changes in here, protests grid on and so does the regime. Thus, the causes of the revolts are similar in Syria and Lybia, those revolts resulted to be more violent, while in Egypt and Tusia they were more peaceful . Also the revolters were not similar groups of people, it was not a class but united group, ethnical and religious. In Egypt the change is superficial- Mubarak is gone, but the military chieftains (глава разбойников) who have succeded...
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