SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SOURCES OF POWER IN BANGLADESH
Power is the capacity to direct the decisions and actions of others. Power in international relation means the ability to influence the threat or use of force, economic interaction or pressure, diplomacy, and cultural exchange. There are three sources from where power of a state can be evaluated. These are: Natural sources, social and psychological sources and synthetic sources of power.
Natural sources of power provides backstopping or infrastructure; synthetic power provides hardware and cutting edge while social and psychological sources provides software power.
Social power – the ability of an actor to change the incentive structures of other actors in order to bring about outcomes. There are types of these social sources of power: 1. Self Image
2. Image of others
3. Social cohesion and public support
This case is all about these social power in the context of Bangladesh.
SELF IMAGE OF BANGLADESH:
History: Bangladesh was formed in the late 1971 with a battle against Pakistan. Previously, it was a part of Pakistan and was known as East Pakistan. But the people of Bangladesh wanted freedom, as there were cultural differences between East Pakistan and west Pakistan. Bengalis wanted their own state; they wanted their own government and wanted to be sovereign. Then with the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman they started the war against the superior military power of Pakistan. India also joined Bangladesh to fight against Pakistan. Finally the war was won. Since independence, the government has experienced periods of democratic and military rule. Current Economic Condition: Bangladesh is a mixed economic country where they follow both social and capitalist system. Despite several economic reforms, however, the country is still far from enjoying an efficient market economy. Bangladesh's economy remains largely agricultural, with a relatively small...
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