The purpose of this research paper is to introduce the field of IR, its relevance with history, to organize in a logical way what is known and theorized about IR. This paper creates a general understanding of what history is, what is international relations, the importance of philosophers, different philosophical theories and the understanding of the subject of International Relations according to the philosophers.
Significance of History
History is a journey through time, full of happenings at every step and every turn that we take while revisiting the past. It is like travelling the travelled paths and witnessing the scars left behind by the ruthless time. It is written by the survivors for the survivors. A message left by the mankind for everyman. There is often a misconception about history that it repeats itself. It does not repeat itself, the historians repeat one another, the philosophers restate another periods philosophies and the leaders in the light of history take similar decisions in similar situations as the past.
“Any fool can make history but it takes a genius to write it.” (Oscar Wilde) Role of Philosophers
The philosophers, the lovers of wisdom as the term denotes since the beginning have been trying to explain the scenarios, the contexts, the underlying meanings hence proposing theories and general explanations for the happenings and realities that has prevailed during different times. The philosophers of the ancient Greeko-Roman empires still pose a great deal of influence over modern day thinkers as the pioneers of theories around us. Aristotle, Plato, Thucydides, Machiavelli, Sun Tzu, Hegel, Marx, and many more had existed during different time periods in the history to help us understand and build our opinion. Introduction to International Relations
International Relations, though considered as just a century old subject and a branch of Political Science, has its roots from the city states culture in the Greek Civilization around 400BC and later the defining of nation- state system after the treaty of Westphalia (1648) gave the first proper base for International Relations. It is a fascinating subject concerning people and cultures throughout the world. It studies the complexity of the interactions between states and people. It also studies the relationships among the world governments. These relationships cannot be understood in isolation and are connected with different other actors such as International Organizations (IO’s), Multinational Corporations (MNC’s), individuals with other social structures including economics, culture, domestic politics with geographical and historical influences. Hence, it is a large subject that overlaps several other fields (Goldstein, 2010). In order to understand the subject in the best of its context we must understand the core concepts that have been theorized by the philosophers and political scientists. Key theories of International Relations
The understanding of the subject of International Relations is based on the key theories of Realism, Neo-Realism, Liberalism, Neo-Liberalism, International Political Economy, International Organizations, Globalization, Nation, State, Gender and Post modernism. Philosophers have supported different school of thoughts and developed theories to explain their point of views. This is not the whole of IR but it is the must of IR. International Relations and Philosophers
Edward Hallett Carr
Also known as the father of Realism and known for his book “Twenty Years Crisis (1919-1939)” (Goldstein, 2010). He stated the liberalist school of thought as a ‘utopian’ concept. He is known to be the initiator of the debate between realist and liberalist. He argued that history would have been different if the interstate matters and decisions during war time would have been taken in realistic frame of mind rather liberalistic. He also acknowledged the importance of liberalism as consistent realism excludes four...