International Organization for Standardization is the largest developer and publisher of International standards. It consist of 162 countries and is a network of national standards of these. It is a non-governmental organization which fill the gap between the sectors i.e.public and private. On one side, ISO members are part of the governmental structures of their own country and on other hand, some ISO members are having their roots individually in private sector. ISO is derived from the greek word “isos” which means “equal”. History:
ISO started in the year 1926 as the ISA (International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations). Its high focus was on the mechanical engineering. In 1942, it split up. But then the organization was re-organized in 1946 under the name. ISO and officially started its operations on 23rd February, 1947. Benefits:
The ISO standard helps in the efficiency and safety of development, supply and manufacturing of the goods and services. It also helps in the facilitation of trade between the countries and make it go fairer. The ISO also helps in making life simple thorough giving out solution for common problem of people. Who makes up ISO?
The international organization for standardization is made up of the members who are distributed in three categories: * Member body
* Correspondent member
* Subscriber member
1. Member body:
A member body of the international organization for standardization the a national body "most representative of standardization in its country". So, only one body in every country is included in the membership of the international organization for standardization The member body held the responsibility:
* To inform those parties in their country, that are interested in the standardization opportunities. * To provide the country share of the financial support for ISO operations by paying the membership dues. 2. Correspondent member:
A correspondent member is that organization in any country that have not yet developed the national standards activity completely. They do not take part in development of the technical and policy work but still they are informed completely regarding the work in which they are interested. 3. Subscriber member:
This category has been established by ISO for those countries that have a small economy. The members of this category pay a low membership fee that does not allow them in maintaining a contact with international standardization. ISO Structure:
The ISO timeline
Management and leadership standards
* ISO 26000 - Social responsibility
* ISO 31000 - Risk management
* Management system basics
* ISO 50001 - Energy management
* ISO 9000 - Quality management
* ISO 14000 - Environmental management
Management and leadership standards
The international organization of standardization the provides the requirements or guidance on the good management practices are perceived in the best known of the ISO offerings. Many are represented on the management structure of the ISO 9001 and 14001. Also, management standards have been divided in those that can be used for the certification like ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 and in those that cannot be certified for requirements, instead provide a guidance like the ISO 26000 and the ISO 31000. ISO 26000 – Social responsibility
The ISO management standard are now tied by the ISO 26000, that provides guidance on the social responsibilities. It is neither a certification standard nor does it follow the system of management model. Thus, if any organization claims that it is certified to ISO 26000, that is false and the organizations should have this knowledge so that they could not get caught in a trap of any offers for certifying them to the international standards. What benefits can be achieved by implementing ISO 26000?
The reality and perception of how an organization performs on the social responsibility may influence among...