International Labor Organization - ILO
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is an agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues pertaining to international labour standards and decent work for all. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. Its secretariat — the people who are employed by it throughout the world — is known as the International Labour Office. The organization received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969. It has no power to impose any sanctions on governments. The International Labour Organization is the specialised agency of the United Nations which seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognised human and labour rights. It was founded in 1919 and is the only surviving major creation of the Treaty of Versailles which brought the League of Nations into being and it became the first specialised agency of the UN in 1946. Membership and organization :
The ILO was the first specialized agency that associated with the UN in the year 1946. The constitution of the ILO offers that any nation which has a membership in the UN can become a member of the ILO. This should be done by informing the Director General that it accepts all the obligations of the ILO constitution. Members include states that were members on 1 November 1945, when the organization's new constitution came into effect after World War II. In addition, any original member of the United Nations and any state admitted to the U.N. thereafter may join. Other states can be admitted by a two-thirds vote of all delegates, including a two-thirds vote of government delegates, at any ILO General Conference.As of 2012, Members of the ILO are 185 of the UN members. Governing Body
The Governing Body decides the agenda of the International Labour Conference, adopts the draft programme and budget of the organization for submission to the conference, elects the director-general, requests information from member states concerning labour matters, appoints commissions of inquiry and supervises the work of the International Labour Office.
International Labour Conference
The ILO organizes the International Labour Conference in Geneva every year in June, where conventions and recommendations are crafted and adopted. Also known as the parliament of Labour, the conference also makes decisions on the ILO's general policy, work programme and budget. Each member state is represented at the conference by four people: two government delegates, an employer delegate and a worker delegate. All of them have individual voting rights, and all votes are equal, regardless of the population of the delegate's member state. The employer and worker delegates are normally chosen in agreement with the "most representative" national organizations of employers and workers. Usually, the workers' delegates coordinate their voting, as do the employers' delegates.Despite its position in the ILO, every delegate has the same right, and the employer and worker delegate can work against its government delegates or work against each other.
The four strategic objectives of the ILO are:
* Promote and realize fundamental principles and rights at work * Create greater opportunities for women and men to secure decent employment and income * Enhance the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all * Strengthen Tripartism and Social Dialogue
• formulate international policies and programmes aimed at promoting fundamental human rights, improving living and working conditions and developing employment opportunities • Establish international labour standards aimed at directing national action towards the implementation of fundamental principles and rights at work • Develop a wide technical cooperation programme at the international level • Implement training, education, research and publication programmes in support of other means of action.
The Organization engages in:
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