First of all we would like to thank Almighty Allah for giving us the courage and ability to complete this report.We would like to express our gratitude to all those who gave us the possibility to complete this report. We want to thank the Department of management sciences of our university for giving us an opportunity to commence this project in the first instance and to do the necessary research work. We are deeply indebted to our supervisor Sir Muzammil Aftab whose help, stimulating suggestions and encouragement helped us all for writing this report.Especially, we would like to give our special thanks to the staff of ILO for cooperating with us and giving us all the relevant data according to our project obligation. Especially Mr Shabaz Gill (Manager ILO ISB) helped us a lot. In the end we would like to give our special thanks to our families that their patient love enabled us to complete this work.
The International Labour Organization
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is devoted to advancing opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity. Its main aims are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue in handling work-related issues. In promoting social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights, the organization continues to pursue its founding mission that labour peace is essential to prosperity. Today, the ILO helps advance the creation of decent jobs and the kinds of economic and working conditions that give working people and business people a stake in lasting peace, prosperity and progress
The International Labor Organization was created in 1919. The organization follows the following strategic objectives:
Promote and realize standards and fundamental principles and rights at work. Create greater opportunities for women and men to secure decent employment and income. Enhance the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all. Strengthen tri-partism and social dialogue.
ILO in Pakistan
More than one-third of the population in Pakistan is below the poverty line. The ILO is doing the reassessment of the level of poverty. About 6.1 percent of the total labor force of 38.6 million is unemployed and approximately 3.2 million children, representing 17 percent of the child-age population, are at work. Only 45 percent of the population is literate (33 percent of women). To deal with these problems the Government has put in place an articulate and an overall vision for economic revival and national development based on poverty reduction, accountability and good governance. The Government has endorsed a Poverty Reduction Plan (2001-2004) and had presented its Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (1-PRSP) to the Donors at the Pakistan Development Forum, held in Islamabad from 13 - 15 March 2001.
The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.
It refers to work that:
Is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children. Is in interferes with their schooling.
Is depriving them of the opportunity to attend school.
Is obliging them to leave school prematurely.
Is requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. In its most extreme forms, child labour involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities ,often at a very early age. Whether or not particular forms of “work” can be called “child labour” depends on the child’s age, the type and hours of work performed, the conditions under which it is performed and the...