International Environment

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Abstract
“This paper will examine political Socialist Economic and Political models of government in the nations of Ecuador and Venezuela. Additionally, an analysis of the Capitalist/Democratic style of governance in the United States will be analyzed against the socialist political model.” Monica Ross-Williams LED 625 International Political History Capstone Paper

I. The rise of Venezuelan Socialism under Former President Hugo Chavez

First elected President of Venezuela in 1999, Hugo Chavez was leader of the up and coming Bolivarian Movement put revolutionary socialism back onto the global agenda. Chavez grew up poor in a family of six boys, were his parents were teachers in a town named Sabaneta. Rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the Venezuelan Military in 1976 Chavez first led an unsuccessful coup to overthrow what he believed was a corrupt government and was subsequently imprisoned for five years, (Rodrigues, 2013).

Years later during Hugo Chávez rein in Venezuelan head government role, the former President term and leaders would define him as one of the Worlds rare revolutionary leaders.  Chavez role in Latin America leading a Socialistic style of government, and allowed Chavez to earn from Fidel Castro of Cuba prominence as a loud, fearless, and vocal opponent of the American dominated democracy capitalistic economic model, (Moore, 2013).

In 1998 after Chavez’s release from prison, he was elected President of Venezuela country by 56% of the total vote. By 1999 with Chavez’s approval rating approaching near 80%, the leader drafted a new Constitution strengthening the powers of Venezuela’s Presidential authority and installing a six-year term of leadership in the position, (Moore, 2013). 2004 Chavez poured the countries resources into social programs such as reading literacy and health care, in large part due to oil profits.

By 1999 with Chavez’s approval rating approaching near 80%, he drafted a new Constitution strengthening the powers of Venezuela’s Presidential authority and installing a six-year term of leadership in the position. A two-day coup to end Chavez power in 2002, ended in failure as growing opposition took place on behalf of the country’s military resources regarding Chavez’s socialist based policy, (Rodrigues, 2013) Chavez was re-elected President in 2006 and October 2013 his despite ill health at this time, by over 50% of the vote.

Chavez style of government dubbed Venezuelan model of "Socialism for the 21st Century" was a project lacking in a defined definition. The leader –who many United States officials despised – provided blueprint about how capitalism could be transcended, a mythological vision -- or what Alain Badiou calls a "Truth" -- was what was needed in those very dark times at the end of the last century,” (Moore, 2013) .

On September 20, 2006, Venezuelan President Chavez assented upon a podium at the United Nations Building in New York City, NY, were he tore into his U.S. counterpart and his U.N. hosts Wednesday, likening President Bush to the devil and telling the General Assembly that its system is "worthless."

"The devil came here yesterday," Chavez said, referring to Bush, who addressed the world body during its annual meeting Tuesday. "And it smells of sulfur still today”, Chavez cited. Then the leader held up a book by writer Noam Chomsky on imperialism to state, “The American empire is doing all it can to consolidate its hegemonistic system of domination, and we cannot allow him to do that. We cannot allow world dictatorship to be consolidated,” (CNN, 2006).

Although highly controversial, former President Chavez challenges of United States dominance on the economic, military and influence scales as a Superpower, his defiance to America governmental principles lead to a "pink tide" in South America of new democratic governments that began to dot the continent in the early 2000s where needs of the countries working...
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