International Cross-Culture Management

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International Cross-Culture Management

By | August 2011
Page 1 of 11
With the development of global economy, transnational businesses have consequently become a central issue, which has dramatically increased the demand for cross-cultural management. According to Luthans and Doh (2009), international leadership and its cultural reflection have become two of the most important topics in the current business world. Generally speaking, the aim of leadership is to influence and shape their behaviors in order to achieve business goals, thus it is widely implemented in the process of managing people (Luthans and Doh, 2009). This paper targets at the importance of leadership and its relative cultural influence from a global aspect. It firstly focuses on the literature of leadership and the difference of leadership due to various cultures, and then a case study of Google and Toyota is introduced to analyze their leadership styles and cultural reflection.

Literature of leadership
Nowadays, leadership is linked with not just control but also the ways of inspiration and motivation. Hodgetts et al (2006) defined that leadership is a process of influencing people to direct their efforts to some particular goal or actions. In order to let subordinates follow the rules and regulations, a good leadership management is needed, so in that case managers should have good knowledge about the differences among different types of leaderships.

Firstly, Douglas McGregor created Theory X and Theory Y, which are considered as the foundation of leadership research. According to Hodgetts et al (2006), Theory X leaders believe that people are lazy and they need to be threated and pushed to work. This statement shows that the leaders are motivating people by using aggressive control and punishment. However, the Theory Y thinks that as long as in the right conditions, people will work hard and will be positively disposed to seek responsibility and challenge. This type of leaders mainly focused on motivating workers and satisfying their higher needs....
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