Literature of leadership
Nowadays, leadership is linked with not just control but also the ways of inspiration and motivation. Hodgetts et al (2006) defined that leadership is a process of influencing people to direct their efforts to some particular goal or actions. In order to let subordinates follow the rules and regulations, a good leadership management is needed, so in that case managers should have good knowledge about the differences among different types of leaderships.
Firstly, Douglas McGregor created Theory X and Theory Y, which are considered as the foundation of leadership research. According to Hodgetts et al (2006), Theory X leaders believe that people are lazy and they need to be threated and pushed to work. This statement shows that the leaders are motivating people by using aggressive control and punishment. However, the Theory Y thinks that as long as in the right conditions, people will work hard and will be positively disposed to seek responsibility and challenge. This type of leaders mainly focused on motivating workers and satisfying their higher needs.... [continues]
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