International Conflict

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1. International conflict among countries is more likely of what we may think. Today there are many different ongoing conflicts. International conflict is a stage of opposition, disagreement or incompatibility between two or more states (Malek). The term "international conflict" referred to conflicts between different nations and conflicts between people and organizations in different nations (Mr. Turetzky lec 11). It also applies to inter-group conflicts within one country when one group is fighting for independence or increased social, political, or economic power. International conflicts can be divided into two branches: private international conflict and public international conflict. A private international conflict is a disagreement that involves business enterprises or individuals that are from two or more different countries. An example would be a conflict between a U.S. computer company, and a Japanese company that supplies motherboards for the U.S. Company. If the Japanese company or the US Company does not fulfill the contract, it would cause a private international conflict. It would have to be handled by an international tribunal of some sort. In contrast, a public international conflict is a moral conflict that spills across borders and social movements that wish to change an existing state. An example may be the conflict between the U.S. and Cuba. The United States’ attempts to help Cuba find a political stability have formed a conflict between Cuba and the United States. To my point of vies there are two important causes for public international conflict. The first and most important one is the search for sovereignty. The conflict between Cuba and the United States, as long as many other conflicts between the US and other countries is attributed to the US desire to establish sovereignty in other countries ( Malek). I considered religion as another cause of public international conflict. A very good example of conflict on the name of religion is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Bill Maher, in his book When You Ride Alone You Ride With Bin Laden, blames religion for the conflicts (that later became wars) among countries ( Maher). War is an extended state of violence. It is a large-scale conflict involving two or more states. The grade of violence involved and the participation of military forces make the difference between a conflict and a war. In general a war is a deteriorated conflict between two or more countries. Stoessinger, in his book Why Nation Go to War, defines war as “an ineradicable part of human nature.” To this definition, he also adds a human essence. He blames the decisions made by the heads of the states involved in a war. For example, in World War I, he blames the perception of statesmen and generals of the countries involved in the war. I agree with Stoessinger’s comparison of war. He compares war to sickness. It is true that nobody wants war or sickness, but it is impossible to eliminate either one from our society ( Stoessinger 20). Ray and Kaarbo define war as a conflict caused by a nation’s desire to demonstrate its technological and military advancements ( Ray 39). My own definition of war is: a small conflict that gradually converts into a war. The causes may be diverse. However, I think that the main reason for wars is a country desire to demonstrate its capabilities to defend its moral beliefs and gain what it wants even thought it involves severe violence. Some countries may use this desire in a selfless way. Of course, the head state’s perceptions have a lot to do with war. For example, the United States went to war against Iraq because the US president perceived that Iraq was supporting terrorism. Eventually, the causes of the war changed. President kept American troops in Iraq because he wanted to overthrow the Iraqi Dictator Saddam Hussein. Now, it is speculated that President keeps American troops in Iraq because of his interest in Iraqi oil. Another speculated reason to...
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