International Center for Genetic Epistemology: Jean Piaget

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Jean Piaget
Jean Piaget was born on 9 August 1896 in Switzerland. From an early age, Mr. Piaget displayed a strong interest in biology and the natural world. His interests in zoology lead him to publishing several articles on mollusks by the age of 15. Mr. Piaget studied at the University of Neuchatel where in 1918 he received his doctorate degree. In the 1920s, Mr. Piaget developed as a psychologist and believed that young children’s cognitive processes are inherently different from those of adults. Mr. Piaget placed great importance on the education of children. In 1934, while serving as the Director of International Bureau of Education, Mr. Piaget stated that “only education is capable of saving our societies from possible collapse, whether violent, or gradual.” Mr. Piaget created the International Center for Genetic Epistemology where he served as the Director from 1955 until he died in 1980. In 1936 Mr. Piaget received an honorary doctorates degree from Harvard University for his developments with his cognitive theory. He was also rewarded the Balzan Prize for Social and Political Sciences in 1979.

Mr. Piaget developed the theory of cognitive development which relates to the nature and development of human intelligence. This theory deals with the nature of knowledge and how humans acquire, construct and use it. Mr. Piaget’s theory has four states that break down how humans develop and use intelligence. The first stage called the “sensorimotor stage” and encompasses children from birth to 2 years old. In this stage, young babies take in the world through their senses and actions. Mr. Piaget theorized that these young babies lacked object permanence, the awareness that objects continue to exists when not perceived. An example of this is if you showed a baby an appealing toy then covered it up, the baby wouldn’t think that this toy existed any longer. He believed that around eight months old, if the same test with the toy was performed, the baby would...
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