There is sometimes a distinction made between interior decorating and interior design. Interior decorating is generally focused more on finishes, such as wallpaper, paint, window coverings, and furnishings. Interior design tends to be more integrated with the architecture, and in addition to the above areas, might also be involved in cabinet making, room layout, window placement, appliance selection, tile and floor selection, and so on.
Planning is one of the most important steps in redesigning a room. It is vital to take in consideration the use of the room, the size of the room, what mood you want to set, and who is going to be using the space. The layout of a room refers to how the furniture is arranged. For example, a double bed should not be pushed up against the wall on the side (Stanley). Achieving balance is necessary in order for the room to be organized. When deciding how to balance your room, there are three main types to choose from.
The first type of balance is symmetrical. This type of balance is the most formal of the three, and leaves little to the imagination. If a line was drawn through the middle, the composition would reveal identical scenes on each side of the line (Van Dommelen, 10). Therefore, each part of the room is repeated. This type of balance is exhibited most in traditional architecture and design. Symmetrical balance is not always attainable in a room, but its use contributes to the formality of appearance (Whiton, 764).
The second type of balance is asymmetrical. This type is more casual than symmetrical, and is therefore found in more contemporary interiors and modern architecture (Van Dommelen, 10). It is appropriate in all types of settings, however, and is considered to have the most freedom when it comes to the layout of a room. There is no obvious center line, so the balance relies on the sizes of elements and the distribution. The final type of balance is radial. This type of balance is inspired by the wheel. The balance radiates from a center point or core. It is the least common of the three, and is mostly used in dining rooms or conversational areas.
Two more important aspects in the layout of a room are unity and variety. Unity can be described in the same way as harmony and continuity. It is important to have unity because it ties all the elements in a room together. Achieving unity can be accomplished in several ways. Some examples include painting all the walls the same color, or using the same type of furniture or wood. In order to avoid monotony, it is important to not have everything the same color. Variety is used to break the sameness of unity (Van Dommelen, 9). Many different techniques can be used to create variety. Some of these techniques include different colors, woods, or furniture styles. It's important to have a balance between unity and variety. If there is too much unity, the room will seem unappealing, while too much variety will create a cluttered or messy appearance.
When you walk into a room, there is usually one main...