Intelligent Building

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SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT - Vol. I – Intelligent Buildings - Show-Ling Wen, Chiang-Pi Hsiao, Ching-Tzu Chen

INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS
Show-Ling Wen
Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan
Chiang-Pi Hsiao
Architecture and Building Research Institute (ABRI), Taipei, Taiwan Ching-Tzu Chen
College of Environmental Design, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan

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Keywords: intelligent building, design specifications, evaluation index, grading of building intelligence, cost of building intelligence.
Contents

1. Introduction
2. Development of Intelligent Buildings
2.1 Background
2.2 Emergence of Intelligent Buildings
3. Current Developments of Intelligent Building
3.1 What are Intelligent Buildings?
3.2 Current Developments in Intelligent Building
4. Design of Intelligent Buildings
5. Future Developments of Intelligent Buildings
Bibliography
Biographical Sketches
Summary

The emergence of intelligent buildings is founded on the rapid development of microcomputer and internet technology as well as the advance of information and communication technology. With the help of these technologies, office affairs have shifted from the traditional pattern of labor intense and large volume to the flexible, diverse, efficient, user-friendly, and highly reliable operations. Meanwhile the growing popularity of broadband networks has brought the Evernet system into residential buildings earlier than expected. As a result, the era of information appliances (IA) has become reality. The IA is gradually fitting in our everyday living. The automated equipments which were originally used in the intelligent office buildings are being installed in the residential buildings and houses as well. The intelligent houses and the intelligent communities are taking shape. To reduce the energy consumption, the development of “green buildings” has become a global movement of the building industry to conserve energy, to effectively utilize resource, and to improve the indoor environment control. To minimize energy consumption and to increase equipment efficiency are the objectives in the development of intelligent buildings. By installing mini sensors and automation

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SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT - Vol. I – Intelligent Buildings - Show-Ling Wen, Chiang-Pi Hsiao, Ching-Tzu Chen

climate control facilities in the building, the energy consumption can be significantly reduced and the quality of indoor environment can be improved also. Combining the concept of green building and the technologies used in the intelligent building, an intelligent green building which is safe, healthy, convenient, comfortable, efficient, and energy conserving can be built.

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In addition to the history and the prospects of the development of intelligent building, this article also studies the evaluation systems and the design guidelines adopted by countries such as Japan, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, to grade the level of building intelligence and to design the intelligent buildings respectively. The design guidelines and evaluation systems of the intelligent building from different countries are compared. The extra cost needed to install the automation equipments and management systems is estimated in terms of life cycle cost of the building also. Intelligent building is an important element in the high-tech information society. The inter-connected information network can release the problem of over population in urban area and overload of the infrastructures as well. Through the construction of urban infrastructure and the inter- and intra-city information systems, the intelligent city will become reality in the near future.

1. Introduction

The phase of “intelligent building” means many things to many different people (Duffy, 1988). However, an...
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