Dr. Christie Seiler
February 14, 2013
Intelligence Definition and Measurement Paper
The definition of intelligence has been debated for years within the psychology field. Intelligence does not have a standard definition of which it comprises. Psychologists such as Howard Gardner and Robert Sternberg established their own definitions of intelligence. Howard Gardner focused on multiple intelligences which described eight dissimilar intelligences that are constructed on expertise and aptitudes that are appreciated among diverse cultures. Gardner’s eight distinct intelligences consisted of visual-spatial intelligence, verbal-linguistic intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, logical mathematical intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, musical intelligence, intra personal intelligence, and naturalistic intelligence (Cherry, 20313). Robert Sternberg founded the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence. He described intelligence as "mental activity directed toward purposive adaptation to, selection and shaping of, real-world environments relevant to one’s life" (Cherry, 2013). Sternberg referred to intelligence as successful which includes three dissimilar features. Sternberg’s three features of successful intelligence includes analytical intelligence which refers to problem-solving, creative intelligence which refers to being able to adapt to new conditions by using prior experiences and existing expertise, and practical intelligence which refers to power to adjust to an altering environment. Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (KBIT)
The Kaufman Brief Intelligence test is used to test the intelligence of individuals from the ages of 4-90. This test can be used administered in a variability of ways such as for screening intentions and evaluating cognitive functioning. The test presents an IQ compound score, made up of tasks measuring verbal ability and nonverbal problem solving. According to Kaufman...