Integrating Ict in Education

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I. RATIONALE/INTRODUCTION

Let’s go back to the 70’s: during those times, did we think that the computer industry would be a part of our day to day lives one day? Today, be it banking, ticketing, messaging, day to day accounting or any other work, we use computers practically for every activity of our lives. As computers have become an integral part of our lives today it is necessary to know more about it. This is where need for computer education comes in. Computers nowadays are very powerful tool in gathering information. With a simple click of a mouse, all information that you want to know will be yours. Teachers and students are very fortunate because they can easily get all the answers to their assignments, researches, term papers, etc.

II. THE PROBLEM

This research aims to improve the teaching and learning capacity of teachers and students through the use of ICT in Mataas na Paaralang Neptali A. Gonzales.

Specifically, it aims to widen the teachers’ and students’ ability to use the computers in terms of:

1. Microsoft Office/Linux
a. MS Word/Open office Writer
b. MS Excel/Open office Calc
c. MS PowerPoint/Open office Impress
d. Internet Browsing

2. Integration of ICT in education by strengthening classroom learning instruction using MS Office and/or Linux System

3. Sustain the use of ICT in education in MPNAG financially.

III. POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS

With the foregoing problems stated above, the following activities are suggested:

1. Conduct ICT Literacy training to teachers and students 2. Provide regular hands-on trainings for teachers and students 3. Allow teachers and students to use the BCA room and ICT tools and equipment in their lesson 4. Organize an ICT Club

5. Ask a little amount of money for every service they can get from the BCA Room (i.e. printing, scanning, etc.)

IV. PROBLEM ANALYSIS AND RESULTS
Despite the growing attention on computer technology in education, its use in the classroom has not grown to the extent predicted. Targeting teachers as the key resource to optimize the use of computers in the classrooms, the responses to the teacher training programme were disappointing. In some cases the computers were unused because some teachers about to retire could not understand the objective of the programme, and were reluctant to support and implement a life skills development curriculum at their level. According to the study entitled “Survey of Information & Communication Technology Utilization in Philippine Public High Schools, Preliminary Findings by Victoria L. Tinio, Director for e-Learning, Foundation for Information Technology Education and Development, “Teachers are critical to the success of technology integration in the classroom. A school’s capacity to use technology to enhance the learning process depends not only on its level of development in terms of ICT infrastructure and resources but equally on the level of teacher ICT-competencies, both technical and curricular/pedagogical.” Yet, many teachers have shown that it is possible to accomplish great things with the integration of ICT in classroom. Another problem is that, the school may have the facilities to integrate ICT in their teaching-learning process but it’s not enough for all the teachers who wants to integrate it. Another factor also is the availability of the time of the teacher-in-charge in the computer laboratory.

In a survey made by Victoria L. Tinio, there five biggest obstacles in their schools use of ICT for teaching and learning. These are (1) Lack of enough computers (2) Lack of enough technical support for operating and maintaining ICT resources (3) lack of teacher training opportunities (4) lack of space for computers (5) general lack of funds for operations including maintenance of equipment, purchase of supplies, and electricity.

V. FINDINGS

As of present, the MPNAG has three computer laboratories. One...
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