Insulin Pump

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Automatic Insulin Pump

Prepared By: Subhash Arora subhasharora41@gmail.com

Table of Contents

1.Introduction:1
Type 1 Diabetes2
• Type 2 Diabetes2
• Gestational Diabetes2
2.Scope:3
3.The insulin pump hardware organization:3
4.Need:4
5.Requirements for the insulin pump:4
6.Risks Analysis5
6.1 Business Impact Risks:5
6.2 Customer related risks:5
6.3 Technology risks:6
7.Risk table:6
7.1 Technology will meet expectations:6
7.2 End users resist system:7
7.3 Changes in Requirements7
7.4 Lack of development experience:7
7.5 Poor quality documentation:8
8.Insulin delivery system8
9.Requirement Models9
10.Interfaces For The Automatic Insulin Pump10
11.Data Flow Diagram14
12.Summary15
13.References16

Introduction:

The problem of diabetes is a growing concern in the world, especially among Americans. Diabetes is a medical condition where the body does not manufacture its own insulin. Insulin is used to metabolize sugar and, if it is not available, the person suffering from diabetes will eventually be poisoned by the build-up of sugar. It is important to maintain blood sugar levels within a safe range as high levels of blood sugar have long-term complications such as kidney damage and eye damage. These are not however, normally dangerous in the short-term. Very low levels of blood sugar (hypoglaecemia) are potentially very dangerous in the short-term. They result in a shortage of sugar to the brain which causes confusion and ultimately a diabetic coma and death. In such circumstances, it is important for the diabetic to eat something to increase their blood sugar level. An estimated 23.6 million people in the United States—7.8 percent of the population—have diabetes, a serious, lifelong condition. Of those, 17.9 million have been diagnosed, and 5.7 million have not yet been diagnosed. In 2007, about 1.6 million people ages 20 or older were diagnosed with diabetes

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The three main types of diabetes are
• type 1 diabetes
• type 2 diabetes
• gestational diabetes

• Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease results when the body’s system for fighting infection—the immune system—turns against a part of the body. In diabetes, the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The pancreas then produces little or no insulin. A person who has type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily to live. • Type 2 Diabetes

The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2. This form of diabetes is most often associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, physical inactivity, and certain ethnicities. About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight. • Gestational Diabetes

Some women develop gestational diabetes late in pregnancy. Although this form of diabetes usually disappears after the birth of the baby, women who have had gestational diabetes have a 40 to 60 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years. Maintaining a reasonable body weight and being physically active may help prevent development of type 2 diabetes.

The easiest way for Type 2 patients to manage their health is through a healthy diet and exercise plan. For Type 1 patients, treatment almost always involves the daily injection of insulin, which is the focus of the Automated Insulin Pump System (AIPS). Currently, there are two ways in...
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