The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1989 and ratified by Sri Lanka in 1991. The Convention recognizes the particular value of children and spells out benefits and protection to which all children have a right.
1. Definition of a child
Everyone under the age of 18 years is a child and should enjoy the rights mentioned in the Convention.
All children have these rights, irrespective of age, sex, stability, disability, colour, race, language or religion. The state is obliged to protect children from all forms of discrimination and take positive action to promote the rights of children. 3. Best interests of the child
All actions and decisions concerning the children should take full account of their best interest.
4. Implementation of the Convention
The government must do all it can to make a reality of the rights included in the Convention.
5. Parental guidance and child's growth
The Government must respect the rights and responsibilities of the parents and family to provide guidance appropriate to ensure the survival and development of the child. 6. Survival and Development
Everyone should recognize that children have an inherent right to life. It is the State's obligation to ensure the survival and development of the child. 7. Name and Nationality
Every child has the right to have a name from birth and be granted a nationality. She or he has the right to know and be cared for by her or his parents. 8. Preservation of identity
The State is obliged to protect the child's identity. If necessary, it should re-establish the basic aspects of a child's identity (name, nationality and family ties). 9. Separation from Parents
Children should not be separated from their parents unless it is in their best interest (due to abuse, neglect etc.). If the parents decide to live apart the child has the right to maintain contact with both parents, if separated from one or both.
10. Family reunification
Children and their parents have a right to leave any country and to enter their own in order to be reunited or to maintain the child- parent relationship. 11. Illicit transfer and non-return
The State is obliged to try and prevent and remedy the kidnapping or forcible retention of children by a parent or a third party.
12. The child's opinion
Every child has a right to express an opinion, to have that opinion taken into account, in any matter or procedure affecting the child.
13. Freedom of expression
The child has the right to obtain and make known information and to express her/his views, unless this would violate the rights of others.
14. Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
Every child has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, subject to appropriate parental guidance and national law.
15. Freedom of association
Children have the right to meet with others and to join or set up associations, unless this violates the rights of others
16. Protection from privacy
Children have the right to a private life. They have the right to be protected from interference with their privacy, family, home, and correspondence. 17. Access to appropriate information
States must recognize the important role played by mass media and ensure that the child has access to information and materials from a diversity of local and international sources, especially those which aim at her/his well being and respect the child's cultural background.
18. Parental responsibility
It is the responsibility of both parents to have joint responsibility for bringing up their children. The State should support them in this task.
19. Protection from abuse and neglect
Children are entitled to protection from all forms of abuse and neglect. Parents and other caregivers have no right to hurt children. It is the State's responsibility to undertake preventive and treatment programmes in this regard 20. Protection of children without families...
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