UN General Assembly in 1989 and ratified by Sri Lanka in 1991. The Convention
recognizes the particular value of children and spells out benefits and protection to
which all children have a right.
1. Definition of a child
Everyone under the age of 18 years is a child and should enjoy the rights mentioned in
All children have these rights, irrespective of age, sex, stability, disability, colour,
race, language or religion. The state is obliged to protect children from all forms of
discrimination and take positive action to promote the rights of children.
3. Best interests of the child
All actions and decisions concerning the children should take full account of their best
4. Implementation of the Convention
The government must do all it can to make a reality of the rights included in the
5. Parental guidance and child's growth
The Government must respect the rights and responsibilities of the parents and family
to provide guidance appropriate to ensure the survival and development of the child.
6. Survival and Development
Everyone should recognize that children have an inherent right to life. It is the State's
obligation to ensure the survival and development of the child.
7. Name and Nationality
Every child has the right to have a name from birth and be granted a nationality. She
or he has the right to know and be cared for by her or his parents.
8. Preservation of identity
The State is obliged to protect the child's identity. If necessary, it should re-establish
the basic aspects of a child's identity (name, nationality and family ties).
9. Separation from Parents
Children should not be separated from their parents unless it is in their best interest
(due to abuse, neglect etc.). If the parents decide to live apart the child has the right to
maintain contact with both parents, if separated... [continues]
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