Institutionalized Racism: the Negro Leagues

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  • Topic: Major League Baseball, Baseball, Jackie Robinson
  • Pages : 11 (3236 words )
  • Download(s) : 152
  • Published : October 8, 1999
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OUTLINE

1.Introduction

a.Hook: Over the decades, black teams played 445-recorded games against white tams, winning sixty-one percent of them.

b.Historical Information

i.General background about the League

c.Thesis: Fences, and Jackie Robinson: The Biography, raises consciousness about the baseball players that have been overlooked, and the struggle they endured simply because of their color.

2.History of the Negro Leagues as portrayed in Jackie Robinson: The Biography

a.What was the Negro League?

b.Why was it separate?

c.Who founded the League?

d.When was the League founded?

e.Major teams in the league?

f.How were the Negro League teams treated differently?

i.Less funding

1.Creation on shadow ball

ii.Played in less ornate ball parks

iii.Made less money

3.Physical and Mental Abuse of African American Players as illustrated by Jackie Robinson: The Biography

a.Off the field

i.Violence in the African American community

ii.Daily struggles that had to be endured

1.Financial hardships

b.Struggles with the public On the road

i.Social Life of African American baseball players

c.Game time

i.Opposing teams and players and the Abuse they dispersed

ii.Umpires and the Abuse they distributed

4.Life in the Negro Leagues as portrayed by the story, Fences

a.Stylistic techniques used by August Wilson to show the struggle of African American players.

i.Symbolism at the end

ii.Images of how they lived

iii.Context of the text that displayed details about their life

5.Contributions of Negro Leagues as portrayed in Jackie Robinson: The Biography

a.Moral support to African Americans in the communities and around the U.S.

i.Role Models for the African American youth of America

ii.Sense of Pride for the African Americans of America

iii.Opportunity for African Americans during this time

b.Inventions brought out by the Negro Leagues

i.Shin guard

ii.Batting Helmet

iii.Hit-and-run bunt technique

c.Economic strength amongst the African American community

i.Business and the opportunity it presented to the African American community

6.Conclusion

a.Restatement of thesis: Although there was a strong sense of inequality amongst the entire American society during this time, African Americans have proved to be aides in the process of making the game of baseball better for the future.

b.Hook: the African American teams were a constant reminder that segregation and inequality existed.

INTRODUCTION

"Over the decades, African American teams played 445-recorded games against white teams, winning sixty-one percent of them." (Conrads, pg.8) The Negro Leagues were an alternative baseball group for African American baseball player that were denied the right to ay with the white baseball payers in the Major League Baseball Association. In 1920, the first African American League was formed, and that paved the way for numerous African American innovation and movements. Fences, and Jackie Robinson: The Biography, raises consciousness about the baseball players that have been overlooked, and the struggle they had to endure simply because of their color.

HISTORY OF THE NEGRO LEAGUES

In a more focused sense, the Negro Leagues were an alternative league all in its own. It was primarily established for African Americans so they could play baseball, since they were prohibited from experiencing any type or activity with whites. The reason this league was separate was because of the Jim Crow laws that had been enacted during the early 1900's, but in an opinionated note, I feel that whites simply didn't want to be outdone by their counterparts - African Americans. They basically stated that African Americans could not participate in any activity with whites, whether it is of public or unsocial nature. These laws displayed the mentality of...
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