Topics: Sleep, Sleep disorder, Insomnia Pages: 5 (1525 words) Published: April 17, 2013
Course:Introduction to Psychology
Submitted to:

Sleep disorder - insomnia; learned insomnia; chronic insomnia; Primary insomnia Insomnia is trouble falling asleep or staying asleep through the night. Episodes may come and go (episodic), last up to 3 weeks (short-term), or be long-lasting (chronic). Why is this topic selected? Current status?

Most adults have experienced insomnia or sleeplessness at one time or another in their lives. An estimated 30%-50% of the general population is affected by insomnia, and 10% have chronic insomnia. Current status-Insomnia affects all age groups. Among adults, insomnia affects women more often than men. The incidence tends to increase with age. It is typically more common in people in lower socioeconomic (income) groups, chronic alcoholics, and mental health patients. Stress most commonly triggers short-term or acute insomnia. If you do not address your insomnia, however, it may develop into chronic insomnia. Some surveys have shown that 30% to 35% of Americans reported difficulty falling asleep during the previous year and about 10% reported problems with long standing insomnia. There also seems to be an association between depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Although the nature of this association is unknown, people with depression or anxiety were significantly more likely to develop insomnia. Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Sleep habits we learned as children may affect our sleep behaviors as adults. When we repeat these behaviors over many years, they become habits. * Poor sleep or lifestyle habits that may cause insomnia or make it worse: * Going to bed at different times each night

* Daytime napping
* Poor sleeping environment, such as too much noise or light * Spending too much time in bed while awake
* Working evening or night shifts
* Not getting enough exercise
* Using the television, computer, or smartphone in bed
The use of some medications and drugs may also affect sleep: * Alcohol or other drugs
* Heavy smoking
* Too much caffeine, especially late in the day
* Getting used to certain types of sleep medications
* Some cold medications and diet pills
* Other medicines, herbs, or supplements prescribed by a health care provider or bought on your own Physical, social, and mental health issues can affect sleep patterns, including: * Anxiety disorders

* Bipolar disorder
* Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid disease
* Feeling sad or depressed. Often, insomnia is the symptom that causes people with depression to seek medical help. Physical pain or discomfort
Stress, whether it is short-term or long-term. For some people, the stress caused by the insomnia makes it even harder to fall asleep. With age, sleep patterns tend to change. Many people find that aging causes them to have a harder time falling asleep, and that they wake up more often.

The most common complaints or symptoms in people with insomnia are: Trouble falling asleep on most nights
Feeling tired during the day or falling asleep during the day Not feeling refreshed when you wake up
Waking up several times during sleep
People who have insomnia sometimes keep thinking about getting enough sleep. The more they try to sleep, the more frustrated and upset they get, and the harder sleep becomes. A lack of restful sleep can affect your ability to do your daily activities because you are tired or have trouble concentrating. Signs and tests

Your health care provider will do a physical exam and ask you questions about your current medications, drug use, and medical history. Usually, these are the only methods needed to diagnose insomnia. Polysomnography, an overnight sleep study, can help rule out other types of sleep disorders (such as sleep apnea). Treatment

It is important to remember that not getting 8 hours of sleep every night does not mean you are...
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